Reverend Ebenezer Parkman’s grave and those of his family lies across the cemetery from Westborough city hall.
Here lies deposited the mortal of
the man of God, the Rev. Ebenezer
Parkman who was born Sept. 5th 1703;
ordained the First Bishop of the Church
in Westborough Oct. 28th, 1724, and died on
the 9th of December 1782 having
completed his 79th year of his age on
Sept. 16th and the 58th year of his
Ministry on Nov. 8th preceding.
He was formed by nature and education
to be an able minister of the new
testament and obtained grace to
be eminently faithful in the work of the
Lord. He was a firm friend to the faith,
order and constitution of the New
He was a learned, pious good man and
full of the Holy Ghost and faith
unfeigned and answered St. Paul’s
description of a scripture bishop being
blameless, vigilant, sober, of good
behaviour, given to hospitality,
apt to teach.
Be thou faithful unto death and I will
give thee a crown of life says Christ.
The grave of Rev. Ebenezer Parkman located across from Westborough, Mass City Hall (1st pic). A plaque of the dedication of his tomb stone (2nd pic). Samuel Parkman, 3rd pic, son of Rev Eb Parkman. Samuel Parkman who owned 40,000 acres in Parkman, Ohio & 40,000 acres in Parkman, Maine & also gifted a Paul Revere bell to his Father, Rev. Ebenezer Parkman, that hung for 210 years in Westborough Mass. Churches. THIS PAUL REVERE BELL NOW HANGS (2011) IN THE OLD SOUTH MEETING HOUSE IN BOSTON MASS ON THE FREEDOM TRAIL WHERE THE BOSTON TEA PARTY STARTED ! Ironically, Samuel Parkman commissioned Gilbert Stuart to paint a life size portrait of George Washington (who Samuel resembles in this painting here) and his white horse in oil painting that hung in Faneuil Hall for 200 years and now is displayed @ The Boston Museum of Fine Arts (see other posts for more details).
For a glimpse at the Reverend Ebenezer Parkman’s Diary that he kept for 65 years (printed by the University Press of Virginia):
The Parkman Acadian Connection:
Rev. Ebenezer Parkman,
OF WESTBOROUGH, MASS.,
For the months of February, March, April, October and November. 1737.
November and December of 1778, and the years of 1779 and 1780.
Hi.s motto was : — “Siiiciri/ns in Cordo I’st diilrts .\iiti-iciihi Sfiii’ditlis.
” Thy Heart is not right with God. Let me bear this saying in
mind that I may keep clear of such a charge upon me ! ”
HARRIETTE M. FORBES.
THE WESTBOROUGH HISTORICAL SOCIETY
TWO COPIES RECEIVED.
Library of C«ngre«%
Qiiif Of tht
copyright, 1899. by
-he Westborough Historical^ Society,
In giving a part of Mr. Parkman’s Journal to the public, the West-
borough Historical Society feel that they are making a valuable con-
tribution to local New England History. It is not only a vivid
picture of their own town during the last century, but a type of all
New England towns, — the petty cares and economies, the small
jealousies and quarrels, and back of it all and broader than all, the
earnest, honest, God-fearing lives of those only a few generations
We especially feel indebted to Mrs. Edward Tuckerman, of Am-
herst, who lent us most willingly and kindly the manuscript
Journal. Miss Eliza S. Parkman, of Boston, has given us help
repeatedly in too many ways to be separatel}’ enumerated. Miss
Alice B. Gould, of Boston, lent the picture of Edmund Quincy —
Mrs. George Sumner, of Worcester, those of Rev. Mr. Sumner, of
Shrewsbury, and his house — Mr. Bradford Kingman, of Brookline,
the two blocks taken from Barbour’s Collections, Harvard College
and Eli Whitney’s house— Mr. Arthur B. Denny, of Chestnut Hill,
made the copies of Madam Parkman and of the Parkman Coat-of.
Arms — the latter from a water-color illumination which formerly
adorned the walls of the Westborough parsonage.
The extracts from the Natalitia are published through the
courtesy of the American Antiquarian Society.
The drawing of Mr. Parkman on the cover is the only picture of
him known to be in existence. It was a niemor}- sketch, done with
pen and ink.
The photograph of the handsome old table which Elias brought
up from Cambridge is taken from the original now owned by Mr.
Parkman T. Denny, of Leicester, and coveted by all of the old min-
ister’s descendants. The slate top has been replaced by a board.
but the handsome carving and Ijeautiful wood might well excite
the enthusiasm of a greater connoisseur in antique furniture than
The Journal has been carefully copied, but for the sake of clear-
ness most of the abbreviations have been written out. Mr. Park-
man usually wrote they, yy — them, y'” — their, yeir^ and abbre-
viated many other common words. The italicized words have
been retained, except in the case of proper names — which he
always underscores. In a very few cases where the words were
illegible or blotted, an interrogation mark indicates the uncertainty.
The notes have been written mostly from town records or au-
thentic history, tradition very rarely being allowed a voice.
HARRIETT -M. FORBES.
Worcester, Mass., May 29, 1899.
The following pages are part of the Jourual of Rev. Ebenezer
Parkman. It is probable that he kept it for the whole period of
his long pastorate in Westborough. Much of it has been lost— that
for many years burned,— a few volumes are in the Library of the
Antiquarian Society in Worcester,— one at least in that of the Mas-
sachusetts Historical Society of Boston. This volume, w^iich the
Westborough Historical Society is enabled to print through the
kindness of Mrs. Edward Tuckerman, of Amherst, is owned l)y
her. It is all in one book, sewed together probably long after Rev.
Ebenezer’s death. Mrs. Tuckerman writes : “The book came to
me directly from my aunt, Mrs. Asa Rand, an older sister of my
father’s who received it from her mother Sarah, daughter of Rev.
Ebenezer. My good old aunt had more of her grandfather’s diary,
but in some of her movings (she was a minister’s wife), it got left
behind in a box of papers, on a closet shelf, she told me, and she
could not recover it, probably destroyed as waste paper.”
William Parkman, Copp’s Hill, Boston, MA – Reverend Ebenezer Parkman’s father.
Elizabeth Adams Parkman, Copp’s Hill, Boston, MA – Reverend Ebenezer Parkman’s mother:
Ebenezer Parkman was born in Boston, Sept. 5, 1703. His father
was Wm. Parkman, who in 1680 married Elizabeth Adams, also of
Boston. She is buried on Copp’s Hill— dying on the 13th of April,
1746. Wm. Parkman had died sixteen years earlier, Nov. 30, 1730.
He was born in Salem, where his father Elias had settled, in 1658.
This Elias, born in 1635, was also the son of Elias Parkman, who
had come among the earliest settlers to New England, and grand-
son of Thomas Parkman, of Sidmouth, Devon, England.
Ebenezer Parkman was admitted to Harvard College in 1717,
when he was fourteen years old, and graduated in 1721. The
next year he taught school in Newton, living with the brother Elias,
whom he mentions in the first part of the Journal. This brother
was a mastmaker, and in 1728 an advertisement appears in a local
paper : —
“April I. Mr. Henrj’ Richards wants to sell a parcel of likely negro boys
and one negro girl, arrived from Nevis, and were brought from Guinea. To be
seen at the house of Mr. Elias Parkman, mastmaker, at the North End.”
As the Rev. Ebenezer purchased a slave boy, Maro, in August of
that year, it is very possible that he vi^as one of this “parcel.”
Maro lived only a little more than a year at the Westborough par-
sonage, and Mr. Parkman writes under date of Dec. 6, 1728 : ” Dark
as it has been with us, it became much Darker abt ye Sun Setting.
The .Sun of Maro’s life Sat. The first Death in my Family! God,
enable me to see thy Sovereign mind and comport with his holy
This brother Elias and his wife are both buried on Copp’s Hill,
dying in 1741 and 1746.
Mr. Parkman’s son Elias was undoubtedly named for this favorite
brother, and indeed most of his children bore the names of his
brothers and sisters— Mary, Elizabeth, William, Sarah, Susannah,
Alexander, Samuel, John, and Elias being names common to each.
In 1723, Mr. Parkman commenced to preach, and twice during
that summer occupied the Westborough pulpit. In 1724, he and
the Rev. Jacob Eliot, of Boston, were nominated in a Town Meeting
as candidates for the position of Town Minister in Westborough,
and he, proving the successful candidate, was installed nine months
later, over the little church organized just before.
Those nine months had been very busy ones to the young man.
Only a month had passed since he had become twenty-one years of
age. He had built himself a house on the bleak hill-top where the
Lyman School now stands, and he had married a wife in July — Mary
Champney, of Cambridge.
The Church was organized in this new house of INIr. I’arktiian’s —
with twelve members besides the pastor. They were : Thomas For-
bush, John Pratt, Edmund Rice, Isaac Tomlin, John Fay, David
Maynard, Thomas Newton, James Bradish, David Brigham, Joseph
Wheeler, James Ball and Isaac Tomlin, Jr. It was five years before
the little church near the parsonage was finished.
” In the year 1729″ — so says the Book of Church Records, “A
Flaggon was sent the Church from a Friend of its Welfare at Boston.
See Zechariah 6, 14, latter part.
“In the year 1735, 10 sh. was given ye Church towards a Baptism
Bason, afterwards another 10 sh. was given by the same person, who
also Vjought ye Bason Dec, 1739, and devoted it to ye Qhh’s use.
N. B. A Frame for ye Bason with its shaft and vScrews, etc., price
20s., was given and Devoted by ye Same.”
The flagon and basin have been guarded from the destruction
which has overtaken nearly everything else connected with the
little church on the hill, and have found their way through the kind-
ness of Mr. John A. Fayerweather, into the collection of the His-
torical Society. They are both of pewter, and bring before our
eyes more vividly than any words could do, the simplicity and
poverty and sincerity of these first members of the Westborough
RAPTISM IT.Ar.OON AND BASON.
In February, 1737, when we begin in the middle of an entry in the
minister’s Journal, he was living in his house on the Lyman School
Hill. His wife had died January 29, 1735. They (Mary Champney – 1st wife who later died) had the following
children : —
1.Mary, born vSepteniber 14, 1725.
2. Ebenezer, born August 20, 1727 — buried by his father’s side in
3. Lydia, born Septeml)er 20, 1731, and died June 21, 1733.
4. Thomas, born July 3, 1729.
5. Lucy, born September 23, 1734.
Hannah Breck Parkman
Rev Robert Breck, 2nd Minister of First Church – Congregational – Marlborough, MA
Reverend Robert Breck, Marlborough, MA – father of Hannah Breck Parkman:
Robert Breck was a sort of rock star of his day. He was a famous Congregational Minister. He was born on 7 December 1682 at Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts. His father was Captain John Breck and his mother was Susanna Clapp. His father was a selectman of Dorchester and known as a very “ingenious and worthy man.” Robert had 3 brothers and five sisters. His father died in February 1691 when Robert was only eight years old.
Robert was a scholar. He graduated from Harvard College in 1700 at the age of eighteen. Four years later, in 1704, he was ordained as a Minister (“obtained license to preach”), first preaching at Newton. Long Island, New York. But he no doubt wished to return to Massachusetts so that in Oct 1704 he was ordained in Marlborough, Massachusetts and became the second minister at the First congregational church of Marlborough. He served there for 26 years until his death on 26 Jan 1731, aged 48. hundreds flocked to his funeral and three different addresses were given all of which were published and can be read today. In those days, a Minister’s sermon was published and widely read. Robert published two, an election sermon, 1728, and a “Sacramental Sermon” entitled, “The danger of Falling away after a Profession”, also 1728.
Robert Breck was known for being proficient in Hebrew and Greek. It was said that he often read aloud to his family at breakfast from the Bible in the original Hebrew or Greek. Imagine the younger children sitting through that! Although he probably had a great delivery and translated for them as he went. He married Elizabeth Wainwright and they had six children, five girls and one son. His son, Robert Breck, became a Minister as well.
He was held in such high regard by his parishioners and townspeople that when he lay gravely ill a day of fasting and prayer was observed in his church with special reference to his case. Several ministers in the area were on hand to conduct the service.
After his death, the Boston Weekly Journal, on 18 Jan 1731, wrote of him:
“As to his learning, there were few of his standing that even his equals; he was a master of the learned languages…His attainments in Philosophy, and especially in Mathematics, were above the common rate, in the study thereof, whenever he met any thing difficult or perplexed, his genius and close application son overcame it. He was well versed in History both civil and ecclesiastical, especially of our nation. His religion was vital and undisguised. Pride, hypocrisy and affectation were his aver and covetousness was what he was a stranger to. His temper was grave and thoughtful, and, yet cheerful at times, especially with friends and acquaintances, and his conversation entertaining and agreeable. In his conduct he was prudent and careful of his character, both a Minister and a Christian; rather sparing of speech, and more inclined to hear and learn from others.
In the continuing celebration of the 350th Anniversary year of Marlborough’s First Church, the Marlborough Historical Society will present a talk on Marlborough’s first two Puritan ministers, Rev. William Brinsmead and Rev. Robert Breck. In those days the church was closely intertwined with town government, so this is the story of our early days.
Brinsmead and Breck were extraordinary men, scholarly, even tempered, and true leaders in a deeply divided Puritan town. They weathered constant land controversies, political differences, and military issues on a frontier town. The threat of Indian assault was made real when the town was invaded twice in the spring of 1676. In the succession of wars with France, the local population was victim of numerous Indian attacks and abductions. Through it all, Brinsmead and Breck were able to create stability and calm.
History of the Town of Marlborough by Charles Hudson (e-book):
Page 332 Breck Family Genealogy:
Breck mentioned in 22 pages in this book:
Parkman mentioned in 9 pages in this book:
Marlborough Historical Society, Peter Rice Homestead circa 1688:
Reverend Robert Breck, Spring Hill Cemetery, Marlborough, MA (father of Hannah Breck Parkman):
|Birth:||Dec. 7, 1682|
|Death:||Jan. 6, 1731|
Note: Husband of Elizabeth Breck d. Jun 8, 1736, Was the second Minister of the Church in Marlborough / Source: Marlborough Inscriptions, Rice 1908, Sec 2:84
Spring Hill Cemetery
See page 80-82 for Rev Robert Breck’s tombstone inscription:
Captain John Breck Grandfather of Hannah Breck Parkman:
|Death:||Feb. 17, 1690
NEHGR, Volume 2, 1848, p. 257:”John followed the business of a tanner, and was extensively engaged in various kinds of business, and was well known as Capt. John Breck. The neck of land now called Squantum belonged to him.”Ancestry of John Davis, Horace Davis, 1897:Capt. John Breck, of Dorchester, son of Edward. Born about 1651. A tanner; also other business. Married about 1671 Susanna; she was born in 1648; parentage unknown.
He is always called Captain; owned a cider-mill.
In 1680, built a vessel; was made a feoffee of school land; on committee to repair school-house.
In 1681, disciplined for voting in church meeting when he was not in full communion.
In 1682, widow Elizabeth Gray licensed to keep an ordinary, on condition that Breck shall see that it is kept according to law.
In 1683, on committee to lay out school land.
In 1686, Selectman.
In 1687, again on committee about school land.
In 1688, Selectman again.In 1690, admitted freeman; filed inventory of estate of Thomas Tolman, Senior; on committee to seat the people in the meetinghouse.
Will made 4 February, 1691-2; and he died 17 February, 1691-2; age, forty; leaving several young children. His will provides that “one of my sons be brought up to learning,” also “my children I will to be well educated.” His son Robert graduated at Harvard College, 1700, and became a minister.Family links:
Susannah Clapp Breck (1647 – 1711)*Children:
John Breck (____ – 1712)*
Jemima Breck Blackman (1672 – 1742)*
Elizabeth Breck Butt (1676 – 1743)*
Edward Breck (1677 – 1713)*
Robert Breck (1682 – 1731)*
Hannah Breck Devotion (1686 – 1718)**Calculated relationshipInscription:
Here Lieth Burie[d]
Ye Body of Cap’t
Aged 40 Years
Departed this Life
Ye 17 day of
Dorchester North Burying Ground
Captain John Breck’s Great Great Grandfather Thomas Breck of Scotland:
Hannah Breck Parkman wife of Reverend Ebenezer Parkman, Westborough, MA
Mr. Parkman married again, Hannah Breck, September 11, 1737 —
and their children were : —
6. Elizabeth, born December 25, 1738— died January 14, 1739.
7. William, born February 19, 1741.
8. Sarah, born March 20, 1742.
9. Susannah, born March 13, 1744-
Alexander Parkman – American Revolution Leiutenant & Minuteman – 1776
This grave of Alexander & Kezia Parkman is @ the Old Westmoreland Cemetery, Oneida County, NY.
10. Alexander, born February 17, 1746.
11. Breck, born January 27, 1748.
12. Samuel, born August 22, 1751.
13. John, born July 21, 1753.
14. Anna Sophia, born October 18, 1755.
15. Hannah, born February 9, 175S— died in 1777— antl buried in
16. Elias, born January 6, 1761.
Sixteen children in all (with both of Ebenezer Parkman’s wives), of whom only two children died in infancy.
Parkman Westborough history:
Reverend Ebenezer Parkman’s Diary (published by the University Press of Virginia) :
GENEALOGY OF THE BRECK FAMILY DESCENDED FROM EDWARD of DORCHESTER AND HIS BROTHERS IN AMERICA; WITH AN APPENDIX OF ADDITIONAL BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL MATTER, OBITUARY NOTICES, LETTERS AND ETC., AND AMORIAL BEARING A AND J COMPLETE INDEX. BY SAMUEL BRECK, U.S.A. OMAHA Ref.s Printing Company 1889:
Breck Family History from book @ Library of Congress 1889 with Immigrants from 1635: