John C. Calhoun – U.S. Vice President – kinfolk

 

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John Caldwell Calhoun – U.S. Vice President

1782–1850

1st cousin 2x removed of wife of 1st cousin 6x removed
Birth: Mar. 18, 1782
Mount Carmel
McCormick County
South Carolina, USA
Death: Mar. 31, 1850
Washington
District of Columbia
District Of Columbia, USA

7th United States Vice-President, US Congressman, US Senator, and Presidential Cabinet Secretary. He began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830, his views evolved and he became a greater proponent of states’ rights, limited government, nullification and free trade, as he saw these means as the only way to preserve the Union. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as a “positive good” rather than a “necessary evil,” his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union. He served as a member of the US House of Representatives from South Carolina’s 6th district from March 1811 until November 1817, as the 10th US Secretary of War under President James Monroe from October 1817 until March 1825, as the US Vice President from March 1825 until December 1832 under Presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, as US Senator from South Carolina from December 1832 until March 1843 and again from November 1845 until his death in March 1850, and as the 16th US Secretary of State from April 1844 until March 1845. He was a member of the Democratic-Republican party until 1825, the Nullifier Party (a short-lived states’ rights party that he founded) from 1828 until 1839, and finally the Democratic Party from 1839 until his death. Born John Caldwell Calhoun, the 4th child of an Irish immigrant father who was a prosperous South Carolina planter, he was forced to quit school at the age of 17 to help run the family farm when his father became ill. With his older brothers’ financial support, he later returned to his studies, earning a degree in 1804 from Yale College in New Haven, Connecticut. After studying law at the Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut, he was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1807. In 1810 he won his first election to Congress. The following January, he married Floride Bonneau Colhoun, a first cousin once removed, who was the daughter of South Carolina US Senator and lawyer John E. Colhoun, and with whom he had ten children. He was among the “War Hawks” who strongly supported the US War of 1812 against England. As Secretary of War, he reorganized and modernized the War Department, building powerful permanent bureaucracies that ran the department, created the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1824 to centralize and make it more efficient, and supervised the negotiation and ratification of 38 treaties with Native American tribes. He was originally a candidate for US President in the election of 1824, but after failing to win the endorsement of the South Carolina legislature, he decided to become a candidate for Vice President. While no presidential candidate received a majority in the Electoral College and the election was ultimately resolved by the House of Representatives, the Electoral College elected him vice president by a landslide. He served four years under John Quincy Adams, and in 1828, won re-election as Vice President running with Andrew Jackson, becoming one of two vice presidents to serve under two different presidents. Under Andrew Jackson, his vice presidency was controversial and he developed a rift over financial policy with Jackson. By February 1831, his break with Jackson was final and on December 28, 1832, he became the first vice president in US history to resign from office and he ran and was elected to the US Senate rather than continue as Vice President. Due to his nullification beliefs during the crisis, his chances of ever becoming President were very low. After the Compromise Tariff of 1833 was implemented, the Nullifier Party, along with other anti-Jackson politicians, formed a coalition known as the Whig Party. He sided with the Whigs until he broke with key Whig Senator Daniel Webster over slavery, as well as the Whigs’ program of “internal improvements”. He led the pro-slavery faction in the Senate in the 1830s and 1840s, opposing both abolitionism and attempts to limit the expansion of slavery into the western territories. He was a major advocate of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, which required the cooperation of local law enforcement officials in free states to return escaped slaves. After serving as Secretary of State from 1844 to 1845, he returned to the Senate where he participated in the political struggle over the expansion of slavery in the Western states. Regions were divided as to whether slavery should be allowed in the formerly Mexican lands. The debate over this issue culminated in the Compromise of 1850, devised by Senators Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas, and was designed to solve the controversy over the status of slavery in the vast new territories acquired from Mexico. Calhoun, back in the Senate but too feeble to speak, wrote a blistering attack on the compromise. A friend read his speech, calling upon the Constitution, which upheld the South’s right to hold slaves, and warned that the day “the balance between the two sections” was destroyed would be a day not far removed from disunion, anarchy, and civil war. He died of tuberculosis at the Old Brick Capitol boarding house at the age of 68. His Fort Hill plantation home in Clemson, South Carolina, is now occupied by the Clemson University campus. A monument to his honor was erected in Charleston, South Carolina. In 1957, US Senators honored him as one of the “five greatest senators of all time” and the USS John C. Calhoun was a Fleet Ballistic Missile nuclear submarine, in commission from 1963 to 1994. A cenotaph in Washington, DC’s Congressional Cemetery was erected in his honor. An interesting note: Saint Philips Church, where he is buried, has a cemetery on three sides of the church and then additional graves across the street. In order to be buried on the church side of the street, one must have been born in Charleston, South Carolina. Because he was born Clemson, South Carolina, and although he lived in Charleston, he is buried across the street from the church. His wife was born in Charleston and she is buried on the church side of the street, and not with her husband. (bio by: William Bjornstad)Family links:
Parents:
Patrick Calhoun (1727 – 1796)
Martha Caldwell Calhoun (1750 – 1802)Siblings:
Catherine Calhoun Waddel (1775 – 1796)*
William Caldwell Calhoun (1776 – 1840)*
James Calhoun (1779 – 1843)*
John C. Calhoun (1782 – 1850)
John Caldwell Calhoun (1782 – 1850)*
Patrick Calhoun (1784 – 1840)**Calculated relationship
Burial:
Congressional Cemetery*
Washington
District of Columbia
District Of Columbia, USA
Plot: Range 60, Site 146
*Cenotaph [?]
Edit Virtual Cemetery info[?]
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Aug 09, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 164

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CALHOUN MANSION, CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA

“WORLD CLASS ASSETS – WORLD CLASS SOLUTIONS”

The Calhoun Museum & Mansion, 16-18 Meeting Street, Charleston, South Carolina sold 2 weeks prior to auction for $3.75M. Gedney Howe,III, a prominent lawyer and Helen Geer, a Christie’s Great Estates affiliate commissioned our staff to auction the “Biltmore of Charleston” the largest private residence in Charleston, South Carolina USA. In addition, the contents had sold for $1 Million. The 24,000 +/- square foot Calhoun Mansion, built in 1886, was owned by the Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun’s grandson Patrick Calhoun. It has 35 rooms, grand ballroom, japanese water gardens, 16 fireplaces, 26 seat dining room table, 75 foot high domed ceiling, khoi pond, fountains, private elevator, 3 levels of piazzas, 11 chandeliers, 45 foot glass skylight, 14 foot high ceilings and 5 stories including the basement and the 90 foot cupola overlooking the Charleston Harbor. It has been featured in the movie “Notebook” staring James Garner, Rachel McAdams, Ryan Gosling, Forbes, A&E’s American Castles, HGTV Fantasy Open House, ABC’s The View, CNN, Associated Press, Bloomberg News, Architectural Digest, Wall Street Journal and Robb Reports 21 Gifts for the 21st Century. Also the TV mini-series North & South starring Elizabeth Taylor, Kirsti Alley, Patrick Swayze, Hal Holbrook, Lloyd Bridges, Gene Kelly, Robert Mitchum and Johnny Cash.

http://www.CalhounMansion.net

Andrew Jackson & John C. Calhoun

John C. Calhoun was Vice President under both Presidents John Quincy Adams & Andrew Jackson. Patrick Calhoun lived in New York, Atlanta, Cleveland, Charleston, and San Francisco. He owned 50,000 acres in Calhoun Falls, SC, utilities in Pittsburg & Philadelphia, oil fields in Texas, started the Trolley System in San Francisco, Rail Road systems across America, coal mine in KY. He was associated with John D. Rockefeller and J.P. Morgan.

jpmorgan chase founded 1799

George Peabody founder House of Morgan

Peabody ancestor founded House of Morgan:

https://parkmangenealogy.wordpress.com/2009/05/02/parkman-boston-brahmin/

calhoun mansion sign 3

Calhoun Mansion sign Charleston Sept. 8, 2009 037

Gedney Howe,III – Seller and Lawyer authorized to practice law before the U.S. Supreme Court where he last argued a case against The US Coast Guard which ended in The US Supreme Court awarding Gedney Howe, III et al US$21 Million from The US Coast Guard:

http://rense.com/general26/vic.htm

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http://www.superlawyers.com/south-carolina/article/Son-of-the-Sage-of-the-South/083e46b4-aec8-4a06-8883-a4659132186c.html

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ASSOCIATED PRESS ARTICLE:

http://www.theitem.com/news02/historic-home-on-auction-block/article_6a6b1a8c-aa46-5e06-b399-ef8a18aa2854.html

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Helen Lyles Geer – Christie’s Great Estates

See article link: DMPSR.Helen Geer Calhoun Mansion Sold ArticleDMPSR.Helen Geer Calhoun Mansion Sold Article:

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tc-daniel-26sep2006

Helen Geer had mentioned that “Notebook” had recently been filmed at the Calhoun Mansion. What are the odds that my daughter Theresa, who had just returned from golfing in Hawaii, New Zealand & Australia, & I go out to dinner and catch a movie only to find ourselves looking at the theater screen with a table surrounded by 26 blue leather gold embossed chairs, a chandelier & fireplace ? I recognized that room for it was the dining room of the Calhoun Mansion. 

notebook-poster

notebook-calhoun-mansion-the-notebook-joan-allen-and-rachel-mcadams-dr

Calhoun Mansion dining room

notebook-calhoun-mansion-the-notebook-allies-staircase

Rachel McAdams

notebook calhoun mansion The-Notebook-Noah-in-parlor.jpg

Ryan Gosling

http://www.movie-locations.com/movies/n/Notebook.html#.V-KnB4iANBc

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DMPSR.Helen Geer Calhoun Mansion Sold Article

Andrew Jackson & John C. Calhoun

John C. Calhoun was Vice President to both Presidents Andrew Jackson  & John Quincy Adams:

war of 1812 history channel.jpg

https://2012patriot.wordpress.com/2016/07/15/war-of-1812-history-channel/

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John McGee Parkman, Sturdivant Hall, Selma, Alabama 1864

Sturdivant_Hall_Selma

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Danny Parkman at age four took this photo of his dad, Daniel Parkman in front of Sturdivant Hall circa 1995 on way to brother Mark Parkman’s wedding in Indiana.

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John McGee Parkman’s dad, Elias Parkman, had moved from Boston to Selma where Elias became a merchant and John a local bank president during the Civil War. He had purchased cotton stocks with the bank deposits. The soldiers had arrested him as the cotton stocks had plunged and the bank deposits had been lost. His friends had devised an escape from jail. They got a barrel of whiskey and got the guards drunk. Parkman then escaped the jail made a run for a boat hidden at the river where he was shot and drowned. They say his “ghost” now haunts The Sturdivant Hall. Ironically, a cousin of John McGee Parkman was Colonel Robert Gould Shaw who commanded America’s First regiment of 1,000 Black Americans during the Civil War (see previous page 2 of this blog for more details). The designer of the Sturdivant Hall was Thomas Helm Lee a cousin to General Robert E. Lee. Next door is a house that President Abraham Lincoln’s wife’s sister owned. Now Sturdivant Hall is a museum that is used for social events including weddings. Selma is where the “Bloody Sunday” march started with Dr. Martin Luther, King, Jr. Mary Parkman Peabody participated in a restaurant sit in St. Augustine, FL and was jailed. Mary’s son was Gov. Chub Peabody of Mass.

http://www.sturdivanthall.com//a>

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Sturdivant Hall, also known as the Watts-Parkman-Gillman Home, is a historic Greek Revival mansion and house museum in Selma, Alabama, United States. Completed in 1856, it was designed by Thomas Helm Lee for Colonel Edward T. Watts.[2] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 18, 1973, due to its architectural significance.[1] Edward Vason Jones, known for his architectural work on the interiors at the White House during the 1960s and 70s, called it one of the finest Greek Revival antebellum mansions in the Southeast.[3]

Construction of what is now known as Sturdivant Hall began in 1852, but was not completely finished until 1856.[2]Following completion, Edward Watts and his family lived in the house until 1864, when the house was sold and the family moved to Texas. The house was purchased from Watts by John McGee Parkman, a local banker, for the sum of $65,000 on February 12, 1864. Following the end of the American Civil War, Parkman was made president of the First National Bank of Selma. The bank engaged in cotton speculation and accumulated huge losses. The military governor of Alabama, Wager Swayne, had his Reconstruction authorities take possession of the bank and arrest Parkman. He was imprisoned at the county jail at Cahaba.[4] Assisted by his friends, Parkman attempted to escape from the prison on May 23, 1867, but was killed.[3][5]

The house was sold at auction for $12,500 in January 1870 to Emile Gillman, a prominent Selma merchant. The Gillman family owned the house until 1957, when it was sold to the City of Selma for $75,000. A large share of the money for buying the house came through a $50,000 bequest from the estate of Robert Daniel Sturdivant, with a provision for setting up a museum in the city. The mansion was turned into a house museum after the purchase and named in honor of Sturdivant. The property continues to be maintained into the present day by the City of Selma, Dallas County, and the Sturdivant Museum Association.[3][5]

The house is a two-story brick structure, stuccoed to give the appearance of ashlar. The front facade features a monumentally scaled hexastyle portico utilizing 30-foot (9.1 m)-tall Corinthian columns. The front portico is accessed from the second floor by a cantilevered balcony with an intricate cast-iron railing. Identical front doorways on both levels feature elaborate Greek Revival door surrounds with full Corinthian columns to each side of the door.[5]

The side elevations of the house feature a small cantilevered balcony on one side and a wide first floor porch surmounted by another balcony on the other. Both make use of elaborate cast-iron structural and decorative elements. The rear elevation is dominated by a monumental distyle in antis portico with two Doric columns. A kitchen, smokehouse and two-story servants’ quarters are set at right angles to the rear portico, forming a semi-enclosed courtyard to the rear of the house. A low pyramidal hipped roof covers the main block of the house, as well as the front and rear porticoes. It is crowned by a small cupola.[5]

First floor hall and cantilevered staircase

The interiors of Sturdivant Hall reflect the growing taste for opulence in the United States during the 1850s.[2] The first floor has elaborate plasterwork and millwork throughout, with the drawing room and ladies parlor being the most detailed. They both feature door surrounds with Corinthian columns and are ringed by paneled pilasters, topped by plaster cornices. The main entrance for the first floor enters a L-shaped front hall, with a cantilevered staircase in the side portion of the hall. Other rooms on the first floor are the dining room, gentleman’s parlor, and the warming room. The second floor houses a T-shaped hall and four bedrooms. From there, another cantilevered stair leads to an attic-level landing. From this landing a spiral stair winds around a central pole up to the cupola.[5]

FolkloreEdit

The house has at least one ghost story associated with it. Sturdivant Hall is featured in a short story by Kathryn Tucker Windham, in her 13 Alabama ghosts and Jeffrey. The story, “The Return of the Ruined Banker”, involves John Parkman and the purported return of his ghost to the house after his death.[6]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sturdivant_Hall

Parkman-Smitherman-Web-231x300.jpg

Elias Parkman House, 721 Parkman Avenue Selma AL . Elias Parkman was amongst Selma’s pioneers having opened Selma’s 5th business. His house is amongst thee oldest in Selma built before 1839. See the Selma architects tour book below for photos and descriptions of the Sturdivant Museum, Parkman house and Marty Todd White (Lincoln) house pages 9 & 12:

bd

The ghost of John McGee Parkman story @ Sturdivant Hall:

http://alabamapioneers.com/ghost-haunting-selma-alabama/#sthash.hJc2yith.dpbs

http://alabamapioneers.com/ghost-haunting-selma-alabama/#sthash.hJc2yith.dpbs

john mcgee parkman live oak cemetery selma al 2.jpg

John McGee Parkman: The legendary “ruined banker” who still resides at Sturdivant Hall (his home in Selma). Legend has it that while serving time in the federal prison at Cahawba for poor investment of bank funds, Parkman attempted a daring escape with the aid of his friends. Legend has it that Mr. Parkman was either shot to death or drowned after diving into the Alabama river. Grave marker reads: “In Memory of John M. Parkman. Born January 12, 1838. Died May 23, 1867.”

http://www.civilwaralbum.com/misc15/selma_cem4.htm

His grave memorial:

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=102072142

Birth: Nov., 1840
Mobile
Mobile County
Alabama, USA
Death: Dec. 23, 1915
Pike County
Alabama, USA

Wife of John McGee Parkman, president of the First National Bank of Selma.Mistress of Sturdivant Hall, otherwise known as the Watts-Parkman-Gillman House, at 713 Mabry Street, Selma, Alabama. She lost the house after her husband’s tragic death in 1867.
She was a next-door neighbor of Martha Todd White, President Abraham Lincoln’s sister-in-law, whose sister Elodie Todd Dawson lived across the street; both Todd sisters carefully watched and protected by U.S. Intelligence and soldiers during the Civil War, including the bombardment and the shelling of Selma. Sturdivant Hall was thus spared and survived the War intact.At the War’s end, however, John Parkman was arrested and held in the local jail. Some stories say that he was charged with bank embezzlement and other crimes, while others say war crimes. Still others insisted that the charges were a contrived to deprive him of his property. It appears that his only crime was investing the bank’s entire capitol in cotton stocks during the war, a perfectly legal act for a patriotic bank president, but which left nothing for the Union government to seize when cotton was destroyed by the war and the stocks rendered worthless. “Friends” reportedly broke John Parkman out of jail and tried to smuggle him into a boat waiting on the Alabama River whereupon he was shot dead or shot and drowned in the river.Sarah Norris Parkman was the daughter of Calvin R. Norris (1806-1853) of Mobile and Emily Hare (Croom) Norris;
Granddaughter of Thomas Norris & Sarah Ann (Billingslea) Norris, who moved from Harford County, Maryland, to Georgia; Jesse Hare Croom and Susannah (Hardee) Croom;
Great-granddaughter of John Norris and Susannah (Bradford) Norris, Francis Billingslea and Asenath (Howell) Billingslea, Richard Croom and Ann (Hare) Croom, Joseph Hardee and Sarah (Croom) Hardee;
Great-great-granddaughter of Benjamin Norris and Sarah (Whitaker) Norris, William Bradford and Elizabeth (Lightbody Bradford) Major Croom and Susannah (Hardee) Croom, John Hardee and Susannah (Tyson) Croom, Major Croom and Olive (Avery) Croom;
Great-great-great-granddaughter of John Whitaker (c1660-1713) and Catherine Whitaker of Baltimore,
Daniel Croom and Elizabeth (Ballou) Croom, John Hardee and Susannah (Tyson) Croom; Noble W. Hardee and Mary Emily (Parker) Hardee, Mathias Tyson and Mary F. (Potts) Tyson, Daniel Croom and Elizabeth (Ballou) Croom.Sarah Parkman was a first cousin of Martha Jane Norris Isbell, wife of Thomas Livingston Isbell whose sister Mary Alice married Capt. William Park Armstrong, also President of the First National Bank of Selma.

John McGee Parkman was the son of Elias Parkman and Maria Rebecca (Hunter) Parkman.
He was a grandson of John Hunter and Catherine (Pickens) Hunter, and great-grandson of Gen. Andrew Pickens and wife Rebecca Florida (Calhoun) Pickens. He was a cousin of the South Carolina statesman John C. Calhoun:

ug-calhoun-christiesgreatestates_2.jpg

The Calhoun Museum & Mansion, 16-18 Meeting Street, Charleston, South Carolina sold 2 weeks prior to auction for $3.75M. Gedney Howe,III, a prominent lawyer and Helen Geer, a Christie’s Great Estates affiliate commissioned our staff to auction the “Biltmore of Charleston” the largest private residence in Charleston, South Carolina USA. In addition, the contents had sold for $1 Million. The 24,000 +/- square foot Calhoun Mansion, built in 1886, was owned by the Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun’s grandson Patrick Calhoun. It has 35 rooms, grand ballroom, japanese water gardens, 16 fireplaces, 26 seat dining room table, 75 foot high domed ceiling, khoi pond, fountains, private elevator, 3 levels of piazzas, 11 chandeliers, 45 foot glass skylight, 14 foot high ceilings and 5 stories including the basement and the 90 foot cupola overlooking the Charleston Harbor. It has been featured in the movie “Notebook” staring James Garner, Rachel McAdams, Ryan Gosling, Forbes, A&E’s American Castles, HGTV Fantasy Open House, ABC’s The View, CNN, Associated Press, Bloomberg News, Architectural Digest, Wall Street Journal and Robb Reports 21 Gifts for the 21st Century. Also the TV mini-series North & South starring Elizabeth Taylor, Kirsti Alley, Patrick Swayze, Hal Holbrook, Lloyd Bridges, Gene Kelly, Robert Mitchum and Johnny Cash.

http://www.CalhounMansion.net

andrew-jackson-john-c-calhoun.jpg

John C. Calhoun was Vice President under both Presidents John Quincy Adams & Andrew Jackson. Patrick Calhoun lived in New York, Atlanta, Cleveland, Charleston, and San Francisco. He owned 50,000 acres in Calhoun Falls, SC, utilities in Pittsburg & Philadelphia, oil fields in Texas, started the Trolley System in San Francisco, Rail Road systems across America, coal mine in KY. He was associated with John D. Rockefeller and J.P. Morgan.

https://uberglobal.wordpress.com/ueber-calhoun/

Family links:
Spouse:
John McGee Parkman (1838 – 1867)

Children:
Emma Norris Parkman Stone (1865 – 1942)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Live Oak Cemetery
Selma
Dallas County
Alabama, USA
Edit Virtual Cemetery info [?]
Created by: Ray Isbell
Record added: Feb 18, 2016
Find A Grave Memorial# 158320282

Edmund_Pettus_Bridge,_Selma,_Alabama.jpg

This is the Edmund Pettus Bridge, Selma, AL where in 1965 Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr. and Andrew Young lead a march from Selma to Montgomery Alabama in a peaceful protest for Civil Rights to gain the right to vote for blacks.

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