Archive for April, 2009


April 30, 2009
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Photos of Daniel & Corinna in the Hamptons, Central Park, Palm Beach, Sag Harbor, Montauk, NYC & East Coast of US.


Mother’s Day 2010

April 30, 2009
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Photographs of Parkman, Weaver, Roderick & Brownlee


April 24, 2009

Long Beach, Sag Harbor, Long Island, NY (water color by Daniel Parkman – 2008)

Sail Boat

April 24, 2009

A sailboat at Long Beach, Sag Harbor (Hamptons), Long Island, NY –(water color by Daniel Parkman – 2008)

sailboat 1

My antique 1972 27′ Coronado in S FL

sailboat 2.jpg

Up the mast on my bosun’s chair looking down at the bow.

sailboat 5 tropical storm isaac

My first night aboard during Tropical Storm Isaac in August 2012 which later became a Hurricane. 

sailboat 4

S FL Tropical Storm Isaac August 2012.


Princess Diana, Queen Elizabeth II & Sir Winston Churchill – kinfolk

April 16, 2009



Diana was born into the Spencer family, a family of British nobility with royal ancestry and was the youngest daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp, and Frances Roche. She grew up in Park House, situated on the Sandringham estate, and was educated in England and Switzerland. In 1975—after her father inherited the title of Earl Spencer—she became known as Lady Diana Spencer. She came to prominence in February 1981 when her engagement to Prince Charles was announced to the world.

Diana’s wedding to the Prince of Wales took place at St Paul’s Cathedral on 29 July 1981 and reached a global television audience of over 750 million people. During her marriage, Diana was Princess of WalesDuchess of CornwallDuchess of Rothesay, and Countess of Chester. The marriage produced two sons, the princes William and Harry, who were then respectively second and third in the line of succession to the British throne. As Princess of Wales, Diana undertook royal duties on behalf of the Queen and represented her at functions overseas. She was celebrated for her charity work and for her support of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. Diana was involved with dozens of charities including London’s Great Ormond Street Hospital for children, of which she was president from 1989. She also raised awareness and advocated ways to help people affected with HIV/AIDS, cancer, and mental illness.

Diana remained the object of worldwide media scrutiny during and after her marriage, which ended in divorce on 28 August 1996. Media attention and public mourning were extensive after her death in a car crash in a Paris tunnel on 31 August 1997 and subsequent televised funeral.

Kinfolk – 9th great-niece of wife of husband of 3rd great-aunt of wife of 4th cousin 6x removed





Elizabeth was born in London as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York, later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, and she was educated privately at home. Her father acceded to the throne on the abdication of his brother Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, with whom she has four children: Charles, Prince of WalesAnne, Princess RoyalPrince Andrew, Duke of York; and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex.

Elizabeth’s many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to or from five popes. She has seen major constitutional changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation, and the decolonisation of Africa. She has reigned through various wars and conflicts involving many of her realms. She is the longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch as well as the world’s longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state, the oldest and longest-reigning current monarch, and longest-serving current head of state.

Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children, her coronation in 1953, and the celebration of milestones such as her SilverGolden, and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012, respectively. In 2017 she became the first British monarch to commemorate a Sapphire Jubilee. Moments of sorrow for her include the death of her father in 1952 at age 56; the assassination of Prince Philip’s uncle Lord Mountbatten in 1979; the breakdown of her children’s marriages in 1992 (her annus horribilis); the death in 1997 of her son’s former wife, Diana, Princess of Wales; and the deaths of her mother and sister in 2002. Elizabeth has occasionally faced republican sentiments and press criticism of the royal family; however, support for the monarchy remains high, as does her personal popularity.

The ” Royalty ” actual true surname is Battenberg Saxe Coburg Gotha changed to Windsor & Mount Batten to hide their German identity.

Kinfolk – mother-in-law of 9th great-niece of wife of husband of 3rd great-aunt of wife of 4th cousin 6x removed





Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-ChurchillKGOMCHTDPCcDLFRSRA(30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman, army officer, and writer. He served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. As a Member of Parliament (MP), he represented five constituencies over the course of his career. As Prime Minister, Churchill led Britain to victory during the Second World War. He led the Conservative Party for fifteen years from 1940 to 1955.

Churchill’s father, Randolph Churchill,  was a close friend of Nathan Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild, and received “extensive loans” from them. He reported on the mining industry in South Africa on their behalf, where their agent Cecil Rhodes was consolidating mining deposits which ultimately led to the creation of De Beers.

Kinfolk – 8th great-nephew of wife of husband of 3rd great-aunt of wife of 4th cousin 6x removed








Charlemagne 742 A.D. & Great Grandfather Ansegisel 602 A.D. – kinfolk

April 16, 2009


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Ansegisel of Metz , kinfolk: step 29th great-grandfather of mother-in-law of niece of wife of husband of 3rd great-aunt of wife of 4th cousin 6x removed

Ansegisel (also AnsgiseAnsegus, or Anchises) (c. 602 or 610 – murdered before 679 or 662) was the son of Saint Arnulfbishop of Metz, and his wife Doda. He served King Sigbert III of Austrasia (634–656) as a duke (Latindux, a military leader) and domesticus. He was killed sometime before 679, slain in a feud by his enemy Gundewin. Through his son Pepin, Ansegisel’s descendants would eventually become Frankish kings and rule over the Carolingian Empire.

Marriage and issueEdit

He was married to Begga, the daughter of Pepin the Elder, sometime after 639. They had the following children:




Pepin II (c. 635 – 16 December 714), commonly known as Pepin of Herstal, was a Frankish statesman and military leader who de facto ruled Francia as the Mayor of the Palace from 680 until his death. He took the title Duke and Prince of the Franks upon his conquest of all the Frankish realms.

Pepin of Herstal
Duke and Prince of the Franks
Mayor of the Palace
St Hubert of Liège offers his services to Pepin of Heristal.jpg

Pepin of Heristal (right) being offered the services of Saint Hubert (left)
Duke and Prince of the Franks
Reign 687 – 714
Coronation 687
Predecessor Position established
Successor Charles Martel
Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
Reign 680 – 714
Coronation 680
Predecessor Wulfoald
Successor Theudoald
Mayor of the Palace of Neustria
Reign 687 – 695
Coronation 687
Predecessor Berthar
Successor Grimoald
Mayor of the Palace of Burgundy
Reign 687 – 695
Coronation 687
Predecessor Position reestablished
Successor Drogo
Born 635
Died 714
Spouse PlectrudeAlpaida
Issue Grimoald
House Pippinids
Father Ansegisel
Mother Begga

The son of the powerful Frankish statesman, Ansegisel, Pepin worked to establish his family, the Pippinids, as the strongest in Francia. He was able to realise his dreams by becoming Mayor of the Palace in Austrasia in 680. Pepin subsequently embarked on several wars to expand his power. He united all the Frankish realms by the conquests of Neustria and Burgundy in 687. In foreign conflicts, Pepin increased the power of the Franks by his subjugation of the Alemanni, the Frisians, and the Franconians. He also began the process of evangelisation in Germany.

Pepin’s statesmanship was notable for the further diminution of Merovingianroyal authority, and for the acceptance of the undisputed right to rule for his family. Therefore, Pepin was able to name as heir his grandson Theudoald. But this was not accepted by his powerful son Charles Martel, leading to a civil war after his death in which the latter emerged victorious.





Charles Martel (c. 686 – 22 October 741) was a Frankish statesman and military leader who as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his death.[3][4][5][6] The son of the Frankish statesman Pepin of Herstal and a noblewoman named Alpaida, Charles successfully asserted his claims to power as successor to his father as the power behind the throne in Frankish politics. Continuing and building on his father’s work, he restored centralized government in Francia and began the series of military campaigns that re-established the Franks as the undisputed masters of all Gaul.

Charles Martel
Duke and Prince of the Franks
Mayor of the Palace
Charles Martel 01.jpg

19th century sculpture at the Palace of Versailles[1][2]:281
Duke and Prince of the Franks
Reign 718–741
Coronation 718
Predecessor Pepin of Herstal
Successor Pepin the Short
Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
Reign 715–741
Coronation 715
Predecessor Theudoald
Successor Carloman
Mayor of the Palace of Neustria
Reign 718–741
Coronation 718
Predecessor Ragenfrid
Successor Pepin the Short
King of the Franks (acting)
Reign 737–741
Coronation 737
Predecessor Theuderic IV
Successor Childeric III
Born c. 686
Died 22 October 741 (aged 55)
Burial Basilica of St Denis
Spouse Rotrude of Trier
Issue Carloman
House Carolingian (Founder)
Father Pepin of Herstal
Mother Alpaida

After work to establish a unity in Gaul, Charles’ attention was called to foreign conflicts, and dealing with the Islamic advance into Western Europe was a foremost concern. Arab and Berber Islamic forces had conquered Spain (711), crossed the Pyrenees (720), seized a major dependency of the Visigoths (721–725),[7] and after intermittent challenges, under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, the Arab Governor of al-Andalus, advanced toward Gaul and on Tours, “the holy town of Gaul”; in October 732, the army of the Umayyad Caliphate led by Al Ghafiqi met Frankish and Burgundian forces under Charles in an area between the cities of Tours and Poitiers (modern north-central France[8]), leading to a decisive, historically important Frankish victory known as the Battle of Tours(or ma’arakat Balâṭ ash-Shuhadâ, Battle of the Palace of Martyrs), ending the “last of the great Arab invasions of France,” a military victory termed “brilliant” on the part of Charles.[9][10][11][12][13]

Charles further took the offensive after Tours, destroying fortresses at AgdeBéziers and Maguelonne, and engaging Islamic forces at Nimes, though ultimately failing to recover Narbonne (737) or to fully reclaim the Visigoth’s Narbonensis.[9] He thereafter made significant further external gains against fellow Christian realms, establishing Frankish control over BavariaAlemannia, and Frisia, and compelling some of the Saxon tribes to offer tribute (738).[9]

Apart from the military endeavours, Charles is considered to be a founding figure of the European Middle Ages.[14] Skilled as an administrator as well as a warrior, he is credited with a seminal role in the emerging responsibilities of the knights of courts, and so in the development of the Frankish system of feudalism.[15] Moreover, Charles—a great patron of Saint Boniface—made the first attempt at reconciliation between the Franks and the Papacy.[citation needed]Pope Gregory III, whose realm was being menaced by the Lombards, wished Charles to become the defender of the Holy See and offered him the Roman consulship, though Charles declined.[9][16][17][18]

He divided Francia between his sons Carloman and Pepin. The latter became the first of the Carolingians. Charles’ grandson, Charlemagne, extended the Frankish realms to include much of the West, and became the first Emperor in the West since the fall of Rome.[5]


Charles “The Hammer” Martel was the son of Pepin of Herstal and his second wife Alpaida.[19][20][21][22] He had a brother named Childebrand, who later became the Frankish dux (that is, duke) of Burgundy.

In older historiography, it was common to describe Charles as “illegitimate”. This is still widely repeated in popular culture today. But, polygamy was a legitimate Frankish practice at the time and it is unlikely that Charles was considered “illegitimate”. It is likely that the interpretation of “illegitimacy” derives from the desire of Pepin’s first wife Plectrude to see her progeny as heirs to Pepin’s power.[19][20]

After the reign of Dagobert I (629–639) the Merovingians effectively ceded power to the Pippinids, who ruled the Frankish realm of Austrasia in all but name as Mayors of the Palace. They controlled the royal treasury, dispensed patronage, and granted land and privileges in the name of the figurehead king. Charles’ father, Pepin, was the second member of the family to rule the Franks. Pepin was able to unite all the Frankish realms by conquering Neustriaand Burgundy. He was the first to call himself Duke and Prince of the Franks, a title later taken up by Charles.

Family and childrenEdit

Charles had an active family life, about which accounts have been written. Charles Martel married twice, his first wife being Rotrude of Treves, daughter either of Lambert II, Count of Hesbaye, or of Leudwinus, Count of Treves. They had the following children:

Most of the children married, and had children in those marriages, and so Charles’ line was carried on. For instance, Hiltrud married Odilo I (a Duke of Bavaria). Landrade had been believed to have married a Sigrand (Count of Hesbania) but Sigrand’s wife is more likely the sister of Rotrude. Auda married Thierry IV (a Count of Autun and Toulouse). Charles also married a second time, to Swanhild, and they had a single child, Grifo.[27]:50

Finally, Charles Martel also had known a mistress, Ruodhaid, with whom he had the children BernardHieronymus, and Remigius, the latter who became an archbishop of Rouen.



Pepin the Short (GermanPippin der KleineFrenchPépin le Bref, c. 714 – 24 September 768) was the King of the Franks from 751 until his death. He was the first of the Carolingians to become king.[1][2]

Pepin III (Pepin the Short)
Alte-Mainbruecke Pipinus.jpg

A statue of Pepin the Short in Wurzburg
King of the Franks
Reign 751 – 768
Predecessor Childeric III
Successor Charlemagne and Carloman
Born 714
Died 24 September 768 (aged 54)
Burial Basilica of St Denis
Consort Bertrada of Laon
Issue Charlemagne
Dynasty Carolingian
Father Charles Martel
Mother Rotrude of Trier
Religion Roman Catholicism

Signature of Pepin the Short

The younger son of the Frankish prince Charles Martel and his wife Rotrude, Pepin’s upbringing was distinguished by the ecclesiastical education he had received from the monks of St. Denis. Succeeding his father as the Mayor of the Palace in 741, Pepin reigned over Francia jointly with his elder brother Carloman. Pepin ruled in NeustriaBurgundy, and Provence, while his brother Carloman established himself in AustrasiaAlemannia and Thuringia. The brothers were active in suppressing revolts led by the BavariansAquitaniansSaxons, and the Alemanni in the early years of their reign. In 743, they ended the Frankish interregnum by choosing Childeric III, who was to be the last Merovingian monarch, as figurehead king of the Franks.

Being well disposed towards the church and Papacy on account of their ecclesiastical upbringing, Pepin and Carloman continued their father’s work in supporting Saint Boniface in reforming the Frankish church, and evangelising the Saxons. After Carloman, who was an intensely pious man, retired to religious life in 747, Pepin became the sole ruler of the Franks. He suppressed a revolt led by his half-brother Grifo, and succeeded in becoming the undisputed master of all Francia. Giving up pretense, Pepin then forced Childeric into a monastery and had himself proclaimed king of the Franks with support of Pope Zachary in 751. The decision was not supported by all members of the Carolingian family and Pepin had to put down a revolt led by Carloman’s son, Drogo, and again by Grifo.

As King, Pepin embarked on an ambitious program to expand his power. He reformed the legislation of the Franks and continued the ecclesiastical reforms of Boniface. Pepin also intervened in favour of the Papacy of Stephen IIagainst the Lombards in Italy. He was able to secure several cities, which he then gave to the Pope as part of the Donation of Pepin. This formed the legal basis for the Papal States in the Middle Ages. The Byzantines, keen to make good relations with the growing power of the Frankish empire, gave Pepin the title of Patricius. In wars of expansion, Pepin conquered Septimania from the IslamicUmayyads, and subjugated the southern realms by repeatedly defeating Waifer of Aquitaine and his Basque troops, after which the Basque and Aquitanian lords saw no option but to pledge loyalty to the Franks. Pepin was, however, troubled by the relentless revolts of the Saxons and the Bavarians. He campaigned tirelessly in Germany, but the final subjugation of these tribes was left to his successors.

Pepin died in 768 and was succeeded by his sons Charlemagne and Carloman. Although unquestionably one of the most powerful and successful rulers of his time, Pepin’s reign is largely overshadowed by that of his more famous son.

Assumption of PowerEdit

Pepin’s father Charles Martel died in 741. He divided the rule of the Frankish kingdom between Pepin and his elder brother, Carloman, his surviving sons by his first wife: Carloman became Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia, Pepin became Mayor of the Palace of Neustria. Grifo, Charles’s son by his second wife, Swanahild (also known as Swanhilde), demanded a share in the inheritance, but he was imprisoned in a monastery by his two half-brothers.

In the Frankish realm the unity of the kingdom was essentially connected with the person of the king. So Carloman, to secure this unity, raised the Merovingian Childeric to the throne (743). Then in 747 Carloman either resolved to or was pressured into entering a monastery. This left Francia in the hands of Pepin as sole mayor of the palace and dux et princeps Francorum.

At the time of Carloman’s retirement, Grifo escaped his imprisonment and fled to Duke Odilo of Bavaria, who was married to Hiltrude, Pepin’s sister. Pepin put down the renewed revolt led by his half-brother and succeeded in completely restoring the boundaries of the kingdom.

Under the reorganization of Francia by Charles Martel, the dux et princeps Francorum was the commander of the armies of the kingdom, in addition to his administrative duties as mayor of the palace.[3] He built and trained a formidable army after the Battle of Toulouse in 721 where he had emerged as a successful commander.[4]

Coronation in 751 of Pepin the Short by Boniface, Archbishop of Mainz

First Carolingian KingEdit

As mayor of the palace, Pepin was subject to the decisions of Childeric III who had only the title of King but no power. Since Pepin had control over the magnates and actually had the power of a king, he now addressed to Pope Zachary a suggestive question:

In regard to the kings of the Franks who no longer possess the royal power: is this state of things proper?

Hard pressed by the Lombards, Pope Zachary welcomed this move by the Franks to end an intolerable condition and lay the constitutional foundations for the exercise of the royal power. The Pope replied that such a state of things is not proper. In these circumstances, the de facto power was considered more important than the de jure authority.

After this decision the throne was declared vacant. Childeric III was deposed and confined to a monastery. He was the last of the Merovingians.

Pepin was then elected King of the Franks by an assembly of Frankish nobles, with a large portion of his army on hand. The earliest account of his election and anointing is the Clausula de Pippino written around 767. Meanwhile, Grifo continued his rebellion, but was eventually killed in the battle of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne in 753.

Pepin was assisted by his friend Vergilius of Salzburg, an Irish monk who probably used a copy of the “Collectio canonum Hibernensis” (an Irish collection of canon law) to advise him to receive royal unction to assist his recognition as king.[5] Anointed a first time in 751 in Soissons by Boniface, archbishop of Mainz, Pepin added to his power after Pope Stephen II traveled all the way to Paris to anoint him a second time in a lavish ceremony at the Basilica of St Denis in 754, bestowing upon him the additional title of patricius Romanorum (Patrician of the Romans) and is the first recorded crowning of a civil ruler by a Pope. As life expectancies were short in those days, and Pepin wanted family continuity, the Pope also anointed Pepin’s sons, Charles (eventually known as Charlemagne), who was 12, and Carloman, who was 3.

Expansion of the Frankish RealmEdit

Muslim troops leaving Narbonne to Pépin le Bref in 759, after 40 years of occupation

Pepin’s expedition to Septimania and Aquitaine (760)

Pepin’s first major act as king was to go to war against the Lombard king Aistulf, who had expanded into the ducatus Romanus. Victorious, he forced the Lombard king to return property seized from the Church. He confirmed the Papacy in possession of Ravenna and the Pentapolis, the so-called Donation of Pepin, whereby the Papal States were established and the temporal reign of the Papacy officially began.[6] At about 752, he turned his attention to Septimania. The new king headed south in a military expedition down the Rhone valley and received the submission of eastern Septimania (i.e. NîmesMagueloneBeziers and Agde) after securing count Ansemund´s allegiance. The Frankish king went on to invest Narbonne, the main Umayyad stronghold in Septimania, but could not capture it from the Iberian Muslims until seven years later in 759,[7] when they were driven out to Hispania.

Aquitaine still remained under Waifer‘s Basque-Aquitanian rule, however, and beyond Frankish reach. Duke Waifer appears to have confiscated Church lands, maybe distributing them among his troops. In 760, after conquering the Roussillon from the Muslims and denouncing duke Waifer’s actions, Pepin moved his troops over to Toulouse and Albi, ravaged with fire and sword most of Aquitaine, and, in retaliation, counts loyal to Waifer ravaged Burgundy. Pepin, in turn, attacked the Aquitanian-held (urban, non-Frankish ‘Romans’) Clermont and Bourbon, defended by Duke Waifer’s Basque troops, who were overcome, captured and deported into northern France with their children and wives.

In 763, Pepin advanced further into the heart of Waifer’s domains and captured major strongholds (Poitiers, Limoges, Angoulême, etc.), after which Waifer counterattacked and war became bitter. Pepin opted to spread terror, burning villas, destroying vineyards and depopulating monasteries. By 765, the brutal tactics seemed to pay off for the Franks, who destroyed resistance in central Aquitaine (Waifer’s capital city Bordeaux fell in 767) and devastated the whole region.[8][9]

As a result, Aquitanian nobles and Basques from beyond the Garonne too saw no option but to accept a pro-Frankish peace treaty (Fronsac, c. 768). Waifer escaped but was assassinated by his own frustrated followers in 768.[10]


Pepin showing his skill

Pepin died during a campaign, in 768 at the age of 54. He was interred in the Basilica of Saint Denis in modern-day France. His wife Bertrada was also interred there in 783. Charlemagne rebuilt the Basilica in honor of his parents and placed markers at the entrance.[11]

The Frankish realm was divided according to the Salic law between his two sons: Charlemagne and Carloman I.

Historical opinion often seems to regard him as the lesser son and lesser father of two greater men, though a great man in his own right. He continued to build up the heavy cavalry which his father had begun. He maintained the standing army that his father had found necessary to protect the realm and form the core of its full army in wartime. He not only contained the Iberian Muslims as his father had, but drove them out of what is now France and, as important, he managed to subdue the Aquitanians and the Basques after three generations of on-off clashes, so opening the gate to central and southern Gaul and Muslim Iberia. He continued his father’s expansion of the Frankish church (missionary work in Germany and Scandinavia) and the institutional infrastructure (feudalism) that would prove the backbone of medieval Europe.

His rule, while not as great as either his father’s or son’s, was historically important and of great benefit to the Franks as a people. Pepin’s assumption of the crown, and the title of Patrician of Rome, were harbingers of his son’s imperial coronation which is usually seen as the founding of the Kingdom of France. He made the Carolingians de jure what his father had made them de facto — the ruling dynasty of the Franks and the foremost power of Europe. Known as a great conqueror, he was undefeated during his lifetime.


Pepin married Leutberga from the Danube region. They had five children. She was repudiated some time after the birth of Charlemagne and her children were sent to convents.

In 741, Pepin married Bertrada of Laon. Her father, Charibert, was the son of Pepin II’s brother, Martin of Laon. They are known to have had eight children, at least three of whom survived to adulthood:

  • Charles (2 April 742 – 28 January 814), (Charlemagne)
  • Carloman (751 – 4 December 771)
  • Gisela (757–810)
  • Pepin, died in infancy.
  • Chrothais, died young, buried in Metz.
  • Adelais, died young, buried in Metz.
  • Two unnamed daughters[12]




Charlemagne (/ˈʃɑːrlɪmn/) or Charles the Great[a] (2 April 742[1][b] – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774 and Emperor of the Romans from 800. He united much of Europe during the early Middle Ages. He was the first recognised emperor in western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier.[2] The expanded Frankish state that Charlemagne founded is called the Carolingian Empire. European Royalty.

Charlemagne kinfolk: step 25th great-grandfather of mother-in-law of niece of wife of husband of 3rd great-aunt of wife of 4th cousin 6x removed

Original name: Karl der Grosse


Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814.jpg

denarius of Charlemagne dated c. 812–814 with the inscription KAROLVS IMP AVG(Karolus Imperator Augustus(in Latin)
Holy Roman Emperor
Reign 25 December 800 – 28 January 814
Coronation 25 December 800
Old St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome
Successor Louis the Pious
King of the Lombards
Reign 10 July 774 – 28 January 814
Coronation 10 July 774
Predecessor Desiderius
Successor Louis the Pious
King of the Franks
Reign 9 October 768 – 28 January 814
Coronation 9 October 768
Predecessor Pepin the Short
Successor Louis the Pious
Born 2 April 742[1]
Frankish Kingdom
Died 28 January 814 (aged 71)
AachenFrancia (Germany)
Burial Aachen Cathedral
Among others
Dynasty Carolingian
Father Pepin the Short
Mother Bertrada of Laon
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signum manus Charlemagne's signature

Charlemagne was the oldest son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, having been born before their canonical marriage.[3] He became king in 768 following his father’s death, initially as co-ruler with his brother Carloman I. Carloman’s sudden death in December 771 under unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the sole, undisputed ruler of the Frankish Kingdom.[4] He continued his father’s policy towards the papacy and became its protector, removing the Lombards from power in northern Italy and leading an incursion into Muslim Spain. He campaigned against the Saxons to his east, Christianising them upon penalty of death and leading to events such as the Massacre of Verden. Charlemagne reached the height of his power in 800 when he was crowned Emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day at Rome’s Old St. Peter’s Basilica.

Charlemagne has been called the “Father of Europe” (Pater Europae),[c] as he united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire and united parts of Europe that had never been under Roman rule. His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissance, a period of energetic cultural and intellectual activity within the Western Church. All Holy Roman Emperorsconsidered their kingdoms to be descendants of Charlemagne’s empire, up to the last Emperor Francis II and the French and Germanmonarchies.[citation needed]

However, the Eastern Orthodox Church views Charlemagne more controversially, labeling as heterodox his support of the filioque and recognition by the Bishop of Rome as legitimate Roman Emperor, rather than recognising Irene of Athens of the Eastern Roman Empire. These and other machinations led to the eventual split of Rome and Constantinople in the Great Schism of 1054.[5][d]

Charlemagne died in 814, having ruled as emperor for thirteen years. He was laid to rest in his imperial capital city of Aachen. He married at least four times and had three legitimate sons, but only his son Louis the Pious survived to succeed him.

The most likely date of Charlemagne’s birth is reconstructed from several sources. The date of 742—calculated from Einhard‘s date of death of January 814 at age 72—predates the marriage of his parents in 744. The year given in the Annales Petaviani, 747, would be more likely, except that it contradicts Einhard and a few other sources in making Charlemagne seventy years old at his death. The month and day of 2 April are established by a calendar from Lorsch Abbey.[16]

In 747, Easter fell on 2 April, a coincidence that likely would have been remarked upon by chroniclers but was not.[17] If Easter was being used as the beginning of the calendar year, then 2 April 747 could have been, by modern reckoning, April 748 (not on Easter). The date favoured by the preponderance of evidence[3] is 2 April 742, based on Charlemagne’s age at the time of his death.[16] This date supports the concept that Charlemagne was technically an illegitimate child, although that is not mentioned by Einhard, since he was born out of wedlock; Pepin and Bertrada were bound by a private contract or Friedelehe[3] at the time of his birth, but did not marry until 744.[18]


Charlemagne’s exact birthplace is unknown, although historians have suggested Aachen in modern-day Germany, and Liège (Herstal) in present-day Belgium as possible locations.[19] Aachen and Liège are close to the region from where the Merovingian and Carolingian families originated. Other cities have been suggested, including DürenGautingMürlenbach,[20] Quierzyand Prüm. No definitive evidence resolves the question.

Charlemagne was the eldest child of Pepin the Short (714 – 24 September 768, reigned from 751) and his wife Bertrada of Laon (720 – 12 July 783), daughter of Caribert of Laon and Bertrada of Cologne. Many historians consider Charlemagne (Charles) to have been illegitimate, although some state that this is arguable,[21] because Pepin did not marry Bertrada until 749, which was after Charles’ birth; this status did not exclude him from the succession.[22][23][24]

Records name only CarlomanGisela, and three short-lived children named Pepin, Chrothais and Adelais as his younger siblings.


Charlemagne (left) and his eldest son, Pepin the Hunchback. Tenth-century copy of a lost original from about 830.

During the first peace of any substantial length (780–782), Charles began to appoint his sons to positions of authority. In 781, he made his two youngest sons kings, crowned by the Pope. The elder of these two, Carloman, was made king of Italy, taking the Iron Crown that his father had first worn in 774, and in the same ceremony was renamed “Pepin”.[29][49] The younger of the two, Louis, became king of Aquitaine. Charlemagne ordered Pepin and Louis to be raised in the customs of their kingdoms, and he gave their regents some control of their sub-kingdoms, but kept the real power, though he intended his sons to inherit their realms. He did not tolerate insubordination in his sons: in 792, he banished his eldest, though possibly illegitimate, son, Pippin the Hunchback, to the monastery of Prüm, because the young man had joined a rebellion against him.

Charles was determined to have his children educated, including his daughters, as his parents had instilled the importance of learning in him at an early age.[52] His children were also taught skills in accord with their aristocratic status, which included training in riding and weaponry for his sons, and embroidery, spinning and weaving for his daughters.[53]

Charlemagne instructing his son Louis the Pious

The sons fought many wars on behalf of their father. Charles was mostly preoccupied with the Bretons, whose border he shared and who insurrected on at least two occasions and were easily put down. He also fought the Saxons on multiple occasions. In 805 and 806, he was sent into the Böhmerwald (modern Bohemia) to deal with the Slavs living there (Bohemian tribes, ancestors of the modern Czechs). He subjected them to Frankish authority and devastated the valley of the Elbe, forcing tribute from them. Pippin had to hold the Avar and Beneventan borders and fought the Slavs to his north. He was uniquely poised to fight the Byzantine Empire when that conflict arose after Charlemagne’s imperial coronation and a Venetianrebellion. Finally, Louis was in charge of the Spanish March and fought the duke of Benevento in southern Italy on at least one occasion. He took Barcelona in a great siege in 797.

Charlemagne’s attitude towards his daughters has been the subject of much discussion. He kept them at home with him and refused to allow them to contract sacramental marriages (though he originally condoned an engagement between his eldest daughter Rotrude and Constantine VI of Byzantium, this engagement was annulled when Rotrude was 11).[54]Charlemagne’s opposition to his daughters’ marriages may possibly have intended to prevent the creation of cadet branches of the family to challenge the main line, as had been the case with Tassilo of Bavaria. However, he tolerated their extramarital relationships, even rewarding their common-law husbands and treasuring the illegitimate grandchildren they produced for him. He also, apparently, refused to believe stories of their wild behaviour. After his death the surviving daughters were banished from the court by their brother, the pious Louis, to take up residence in the convents they had been bequeathed by their father. At least one of them, Bertha, had a recognised relationship, if not a marriage, with Angilbert, a member of Charlemagne’s court circle




Pepin or Pippin (or Pepin CarlomanPepinno, April 773 – 8 July 810), born Carloman, was the son of Charlemagne and King of the Lombards (781–810) under the authority of his father.

Pepin of Italy
King of the Lombards
Coronation 781
Predecessor Charlemagne
Successor Charlemagne and Bernard of Italy
Born Carloman
Apr 773
Died 8 Jul 810
  • Adelaide
  • Atala
  • Gundrada
  • Bertha
  • Tetrada
  • Bernard
Father Charlemagne
Mother Hildegard

Pepin was the second son of Charlemagne by his then-wife Hildegard.[1] He was born Carloman, but was rechristened with the royal name Pepin (also the name of his older half-brother Pepin the Hunchback, and his grandfather Pepin the Short) when he was a young child. He was made “king of Italy”[2]after his father’s conquest of the Lombards, in 781, and crowned by Pope Hadrian I with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.




Bernard (797, VermandoisPicardy – 17 April 818, MilanLombardy) was the King of the Lombards from 810 to 818. He plotted against his uncle, EmperorLouis the Pious, when the latter’s Ordinatio Imperii made Bernard a vassal of his cousin Lothair. When his plot was discovered, Louis had him blinded, a procedure which killed him.

King of the Lombards
9705 - Milano - S. Ambrogio - Tesoro - Tomba di Bernardo & arc. Anselmo I - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto 25-Apr-2007.jpg

17th century commemorative fresco from Bernard’s grave in Milan, Italy.
Reign 810–818
Predecessor Pepin Carloman
Successor Lothair I
Born 797
Died 17 April 818
Burial MilanLombardyItaly
Consort Cunigunda of Laon
Issue Pepin, Count of Vermandois
House Carolingian
Father Pepin Carloman


Bernard was born in 797, the illegitimate son of King Pepin of Italy, himself the son of the Emperor Charlemagne. In 810, Pepin died from an illness contracted at the siege of Venice. Despite being illegitimate, Bernard was allowed to inherit Italy. Bernard married a woman named Cunigunde, but the year of their marriage, and her origins are obscure. Some sources refer to her as “of Laon”. They had one son, Pepin, Count of Vermandois, who was born in 817.



Pepin, Count of Vermandois

Pepin II (French: Pépin; 817 – after 850) was the first count of Vermandois, lord of SenlisPéronne, and Saint Quentin. He was the son of King Bernard of Italy (a grandson of Charlemagne) and his Queen, Cunigunda of Laon.[1]

Born c.  817
Died c.  850
Issue Bernard II
Herbert I, Count of Vermandois
Father Bernard of Italy
Mother Cunigunda of Laon

Pepin’s wife is unknown; Their children were:



Herbert I, Count of Vermandois

Herbert I of Vermandois (c. 848/850 – 6 November 907), Count of VermandoisCount of MeauxCount of Soissons, and lay abbot of Saint Quentin. He was a Carolingian aristocrat who played a significant role in Francia.

Herbert I, Count of Vermandois
Count of Vermandois
Count of Meaux
Count of Soissons
Count of Soissons
Reign 889–907
Predecessor position established
Successor Herbert II
Count of Vermandois
Reign 892–907
Predecessor Pepin
Successor Herbert II
Count of Meaux
Reign 896–907
Predecessor Theodebert
Successor Herbert II
Spouse Bertha
Issue Beatrice
Herbert II
Dynasty Carolingian dynasty
Father Pepin of Vermandois
Mother unknown

Herbert was the son of Pepin of Vermandois. Herbert became count of Soissons before 889 and was probably charged with defending the Oiseagainst Viking intrusions. A contemporary of Baldwin II, Count of Flanders he had the advantage of being a Carolingian, a great-grandson of Pepin of Italy, a son of Charlemagne.[1] Herbert controlled both St. Quentin and Péronne and his activities in the upper Somme river valley, such as the capture and murder (rather than ransom) of his brother Raoul in 896, may have caused Baldwin II to have him assassinated in 907.[2]

Herbert arranged a marriage alliance to Robert of Neustria by giving in marriage his daughter Beatrice as Robert’s second wife.[1] As a part of this pact Herbert also agreed to his son Herbert II of Vermandois marrying Adela, Robert’s daughter by his first wife.[1]

Marriage and issueEdit

He married Bertha de Morvis and their children are:



Béatrice of Vermandois (c. 880 – after March 26, 931), a Carolingian aristocrat, the wife of Robert I, King of France, and mother of Hugh the Great.


Beatrice, born c. 880 was the daughter of Herbert I, Count of Vermandois.[1]She was also the sister of Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, and was a descendant in the male line of Charlemagne through King Bernard of Italy.[a][3]Through her marriage to Robert I, she was an ancestress of the Capetian dynasty. On 15 June 923 her husband Robert was killed at the Battle of Soissons shortly after which their son Hugh was offered the crown but refused.[4] Beatrice died after March, 931.[1]

Marriage and issue:

She married c. 890, as his second wife, RobertMargrave of Neustria, who became the King of France in 922.[5] They were the parents of:


Robert I, King of West France, 866-923 A.D. (birth-death)


Hugh the Great, Duke of France, 898-956 A.D.


Hugo Capet, King of France, 941-996 A.D.

Hugh was a descendant of Charlemagne through the grandmother.

The Alamo – Jacob Calloway Darst – kinfolk

April 16, 2009

The Alamo

Remember the Alamo

Davy Crocket, Jim Bowie & William Travis amongst the 250 who fought.



Jacob Calloway Darst one of 32 men from Gonzales who voluntarily joined to fight and died at the Alamo. Jacob’s father, David Darst was an American Revolution Veteran & his grandfather, Abraham Derst, immigrated from Germany.



This Darst Creek sign is situated on the westbound side of US Highway Alternate 90 where Darst Creek crosses. Darst Creek, which empties into the Guadalupe River is located between Sequin and Gonzales, Texas on a Spanish land grant that Jacob Calloway Darst once held.  This Darst Field Road sign rests along eastbound Interstate 10 at Exit 625 in Guadalope County, Texas, just west of Luling, Texas. The Darst Oil Field, just south of Interstate 10, was named for Darst Creek and Jacob Calloway Darst.


Birth: Dec. 22, 1793
Woodford County
Kentucky, USA
Death: Mar. 6, 1836
San Antonio
Bexar County
Texas, USA

Alamo Defender. He was a farmer who left for Texas in 1830 with his family and arrived in DeWitt’s Colony on January 10, 1831. He registered for twenty-four labores of land on the Guadalupe River above Gonzales and also for one labor on a small creek that empties into the Guadalupe. In September 1835, he was one of the original “Old Eighteen”, defenders of the Gonzales cannon. On February 23, 1836, he was mustered into service in the Gonzales Ranging Company of Mounted Volunteers. He entered the Alamogarrison with this unit on March 1, 1836 and died five days later in the Battle of the Alamo.

(bio by: John “J-Cat” Griffith)

Family links:
David Darst (1757 – 1826)
Rosetta Holman Darst (1763 – 1848)

Elizabeth Bryan Darst (1796 – 1820)
Margaret C. Hughes Darst (1781 – 1846)

Nancy Darst Crosby (1816 – 1840)*
Mary Elizabeth Darst Brown (1817 – ____)*
Rosetta Darst Hancock (1818 – ____)*
David Sterling Hughes Darst (1821 – 1906)*

Mary Victoria Darst Smith (1784 – 1806)*
Abraham Darst (1786 – 1833)*
Elizabeth Louise Darst Smith (1788 – 1828)*
Isaac Darst (1789 – 1852)*
Sarah Darst Killebrew (1791 – 1813)*
Jacob Calloway Darst (1793 – 1836)
David Holman Darst (1795 – 1869)*
Samuel Darst (1798 – ____)*
Nancy Darst Ewing (1800 – 1843)*

*Calculated relationship

Note: 1C5R

The Alamo
San Antonio
Bexar County
Texas, USA
Edit Virtual Cemetery info [?]
Maintained by: Robert V Darst
Originally Created by: John “J-Cat” Griffith
Record added: May 28, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8839501


U.S. President & General Ulysses S. Grant

April 15, 2009


Ulysses S. GRANT , General & U.S. President


3rd cousin 2x removed of wife of 4th cousin 6x removed
Civil War 4 Star Union General Grant
Ulysses S. Grant National Shrine & Tomb
Mr & Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant tombs

Ulysses S. Grant direct descendant of Matthew Grant, American progenitor and cofounder of Windsor, CT.

Matthew GRANT


3rd great-grandfather of wife of 4th cousin 6x removed
Ulysses S. Grant’s bio:
18th United States President, Civil War Union Lieutenant General. He was born in Point Pleasant, Ohio. His birth name was  Hiram Ulysses Simpson Grant. At seventeen, he entered the United States Military Academy at West Point. After graduation, his first assignment was service in a border war with Mexico. After eleven years he resigned his commission and persued a number of failed civilian endeavors. He answered the call for service during the Civil War, quickly rising to rank of Brigadier General. Victories at Fort Henry, Fort Doneson and Vicksburg earned him a second star. After raising the siege of Chattanooga, Grant was promoted to Lieutenant General and placed in command of all Union armies. The Army of the Potomac under General Grant finally forced Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to withdraw from Richmond the following spring and finally surrender on April 9, 1865. The following year Congress awarded a fourth star, making him the first full General of the Armies in American history. With his popularity at an all time high, he accepted the Republican nomination for President of the United States in 1868. After serving two terms in the White House, Grant entered business on Wall Street in New York City. He lost all his money. To help support himself, he wrote magazine articles about his military life. He was ill. He displayed the first symptoms of Throat Cancer in the summer of 1884. The General always displayed an excessive use of tobacco. A cigar in his mouth was his trademark. On June 16, 1884, suffering from extreme discomfort from his cancer, it was decided to accept an offer from a wealthy friend to go to Mount McGregor, New York, a mineral springs resort and stay in a small cottage which he owned. Here he awaited death while writing a book about his life. He died here in the front room of the little cottage where he had been bedridden. An embalmer was summoned to prepare the remains. While deciding a burial place, his body was placed in a casket and left in the middle of the room where it was viewed by an estimated three hundred people over a period of weeks until a park on Riverside Drive was selected and a temporary vault was constructed. General Grants body was placed on a train and taken to New York City. On August 8th, his funeral procession stretched for seven miles through the streets of New York City to Riverside Park located on the Hudson River. President Grover Cleveland led some 60,000 marchers while a million people lined the route. Both union and Confederate generals acted as his pall bearers. Grants wife, Julia so devastated by his death was unable to attend the funeral. Contribution from around the nation raised enough money to construct the present day tomb. Finally on April 27, 1897, with Mrs. Grant present, it was dedicated after a parade witnessed by over a million people. Upon Mrs. Grants Death in 1902, she was interred beside her husband. (bio by: Anonymous)

Family links:
Jesse Root Grant (1794 – 1873)
Hannah Simpson Grant (1798 – 1883)

Julia Boggs Dent Grant (1826 – 1902)*

Frederick Dent Grant (1850 – 1912)*
Ulysses Simpson Grant (1852 – 1929)*
Ellen Wrenshall Grant Jones (1855 – 1922)*
Jesse Root Grant (1858 – 1934)*

Ulysses S. Grant (1822 – 1885)
Samuel Simpson Grant (1825 – 1861)*
Rachel Clara Grant (1828 – 1865)*
Virginia Paine Grant Corbin (1832 – 1913)*
Orvil Lynch Grant (1835 – 1881)*
Mary Frances Grant Cramer (1839 – 1905)*

*Calculated relationship

General Grant National Memorial
New York County (Manhattan)
New York, USA
GPS (lat/lon): 40.81299, -73.96232
Edit Virtual Cemetery info [?]
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Jan 01, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 411

U.S. President Calvin Coolidge – kinfolk

April 15, 2009


Calvin Coolidge , U.S. President


7th cousin 1x removed of husband of 3rd cousin 4x removed
Birth: Jul. 4, 1872
Windsor County
Vermont, USA
Death: Jan. 5, 1933
Hampshire County
Massachusetts, USA

30th United States President, United States Vice President, Massachusetts Governor. He is often remembered as “Silent Cal,” for his dry Yankee wit and frugality of expression. At a dinner party, a young woman once remarked to him that she could get him to speak at least three words, to which he replied with a grin, “You lose”. Born in Plymouth, Vermont, he was the son of a village storekeeper. He graduated from Amherst College with honors, and entered the practice of law in Northampton, Massachusetts. There he met and married the former Grace Ann Goodhue, a teacher at a school for deaf children. Known for her friendliness, grace and zest for life, she was the opposite of her husband, yet complemented him with her frugality and simplicity. Beginning in politics as a councilman in Northampton, he went on to become the Governor of Massachusetts, as a Republican, making his reputation for his conservative policies. In the election of 1920, he accepted the role of Vice President, with running mate Warren G. Harding. On August 3, 1923, he became President of the United States, when President Harding suddenly died of a heart attack while visiting San Francisco. Refusing to use Federal economic policy to check the growing economy, he was a believer that the best Federal policy was to leave the country alone, that the Federal Government was too big. This belief was also carried to his foreign policy, and his first message to Congress, in December 1923, called for isolation from foreign politics, tax cuts, economy in the Federal government, and a cut back in aid to farmers. The political analyst, Walter Lippmann, remarked that the political genius of Coolidge was his talent for effectively doing nothing. Despite his non-involvement in the running of the county, he was extremely popular, and was reelected as President in 1924. At his inaugural, he pledged to maintain the status quo, pointing out that the country was prosperous when left alone. In 1927, while on vacation in the Black Hills of South Dakota, he issued a one-sentence statement: “I do not choose to run for President in 1928.” He was succeeded in his office by the Republican Party candidate, Herbert Hoover. In 1933, just before his death of heart failure and in the middle of the Great Depression, he confided to an old friend, “I feel I no longer fit in with these times.” (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson)

Family links:
John Calvin Coolidge (1845 – 1926)
Victoria Josephine Moor Coolidge (1846 – 1885)

Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge (1879 – 1957)

John Coolidge (1906 – 2000)*
Calvin Coolidge (1908 – 1924)*

Calvin Coolidge (1872 – 1933)
Abigail Grace Coolidge (1875 – 1890)*

*Calculated relationship

Cause of death: Heart Failure

Plymouth Notch Cemetery
Windsor County
Vermont, USA
Edit Virtual Cemetery info [?]
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Cinnamonntoast4
Record added: Jun 27, 2002
Find A Grave Memorial# 6551998



John Calvin Coolidge Jr. (/ˈklɪ/; July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was the 30th President of the United States (1923–29). A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state. His response to the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation as a man of decisive action. Soon after, he was elected as the 29th vice president in 1920 and succeeded to the presidency upon the sudden death of Warren G. Harding in 1923. Elected in his own right in 1924, he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative, and also as a man who said very little, although having a rather dry sense of humor.




John C. Calhoun – U.S. Vice President – kinfolk

April 15, 2009



John Caldwell Calhoun – U.S. Vice President


1st cousin 2x removed of wife of 1st cousin 6x removed
Birth: Mar. 18, 1782
Mount Carmel
McCormick County
South Carolina, USA
Death: Mar. 31, 1850
District of Columbia
District Of Columbia, USA

7th United States Vice-President, US Congressman, US Senator, and Presidential Cabinet Secretary. He began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830, his views evolved and he became a greater proponent of states’ rights, limited government, nullification and free trade, as he saw these means as the only way to preserve the Union. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as a “positive good” rather than a “necessary evil,” his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union. He served as a member of the US House of Representatives from South Carolina’s 6th district from March 1811 until November 1817, as the 10th US Secretary of War under President James Monroe from October 1817 until March 1825, as the US Vice President from March 1825 until December 1832 under Presidents John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, as US Senator from South Carolina from December 1832 until March 1843 and again from November 1845 until his death in March 1850, and as the 16th US Secretary of State from April 1844 until March 1845. He was a member of the Democratic-Republican party until 1825, the Nullifier Party (a short-lived states’ rights party that he founded) from 1828 until 1839, and finally the Democratic Party from 1839 until his death. Born John Caldwell Calhoun, the 4th child of an Irish immigrant father who was a prosperous South Carolina planter, he was forced to quit school at the age of 17 to help run the family farm when his father became ill. With his older brothers’ financial support, he later returned to his studies, earning a degree in 1804 from Yale College in New Haven, Connecticut. After studying law at the Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut, he was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1807. In 1810 he won his first election to Congress. The following January, he married Floride Bonneau Colhoun, a first cousin once removed, who was the daughter of South Carolina US Senator and lawyer John E. Colhoun, and with whom he had ten children. He was among the “War Hawks” who strongly supported the US War of 1812 against England. As Secretary of War, he reorganized and modernized the War Department, building powerful permanent bureaucracies that ran the department, created the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1824 to centralize and make it more efficient, and supervised the negotiation and ratification of 38 treaties with Native American tribes. He was originally a candidate for US President in the election of 1824, but after failing to win the endorsement of the South Carolina legislature, he decided to become a candidate for Vice President. While no presidential candidate received a majority in the Electoral College and the election was ultimately resolved by the House of Representatives, the Electoral College elected him vice president by a landslide. He served four years under John Quincy Adams, and in 1828, won re-election as Vice President running with Andrew Jackson, becoming one of two vice presidents to serve under two different presidents. Under Andrew Jackson, his vice presidency was controversial and he developed a rift over financial policy with Jackson. By February 1831, his break with Jackson was final and on December 28, 1832, he became the first vice president in US history to resign from office and he ran and was elected to the US Senate rather than continue as Vice President. Due to his nullification beliefs during the crisis, his chances of ever becoming President were very low. After the Compromise Tariff of 1833 was implemented, the Nullifier Party, along with other anti-Jackson politicians, formed a coalition known as the Whig Party. He sided with the Whigs until he broke with key Whig Senator Daniel Webster over slavery, as well as the Whigs’ program of “internal improvements”. He led the pro-slavery faction in the Senate in the 1830s and 1840s, opposing both abolitionism and attempts to limit the expansion of slavery into the western territories. He was a major advocate of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, which required the cooperation of local law enforcement officials in free states to return escaped slaves. After serving as Secretary of State from 1844 to 1845, he returned to the Senate where he participated in the political struggle over the expansion of slavery in the Western states. Regions were divided as to whether slavery should be allowed in the formerly Mexican lands. The debate over this issue culminated in the Compromise of 1850, devised by Senators Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas, and was designed to solve the controversy over the status of slavery in the vast new territories acquired from Mexico. Calhoun, back in the Senate but too feeble to speak, wrote a blistering attack on the compromise. A friend read his speech, calling upon the Constitution, which upheld the South’s right to hold slaves, and warned that the day “the balance between the two sections” was destroyed would be a day not far removed from disunion, anarchy, and civil war. He died of tuberculosis at the Old Brick Capitol boarding house at the age of 68. His Fort Hill plantation home in Clemson, South Carolina, is now occupied by the Clemson University campus. A monument to his honor was erected in Charleston, South Carolina. In 1957, US Senators honored him as one of the “five greatest senators of all time” and the USS John C. Calhoun was a Fleet Ballistic Missile nuclear submarine, in commission from 1963 to 1994. A cenotaph in Washington, DC’s Congressional Cemetery was erected in his honor. An interesting note: Saint Philips Church, where he is buried, has a cemetery on three sides of the church and then additional graves across the street. In order to be buried on the church side of the street, one must have been born in Charleston, South Carolina. Because he was born Clemson, South Carolina, and although he lived in Charleston, he is buried across the street from the church. His wife was born in Charleston and she is buried on the church side of the street, and not with her husband. (bio by: William Bjornstad)Family links:
Patrick Calhoun (1727 – 1796)
Martha Caldwell Calhoun (1750 – 1802)Siblings:
Catherine Calhoun Waddel (1775 – 1796)*
William Caldwell Calhoun (1776 – 1840)*
James Calhoun (1779 – 1843)*
John C. Calhoun (1782 – 1850)
John Caldwell Calhoun (1782 – 1850)*
Patrick Calhoun (1784 – 1840)**Calculated relationship
Congressional Cemetery*
District of Columbia
District Of Columbia, USA
Plot: Range 60, Site 146
*Cenotaph [?]
Edit Virtual Cemetery info[?]
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Record added: Aug 09, 2001
Find A Grave Memorial# 164




The Calhoun Museum & Mansion, 16-18 Meeting Street, Charleston, South Carolina sold 2 weeks prior to auction for $3.75M. Gedney Howe,III, a prominent lawyer and Helen Geer, a Christie’s Great Estates affiliate commissioned our staff to auction the “Biltmore of Charleston” the largest private residence in Charleston, South Carolina USA. In addition, the contents had sold for $1 Million. The 24,000 +/- square foot Calhoun Mansion, built in 1886, was owned by the Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun’s grandson Patrick Calhoun. It has 35 rooms, grand ballroom, japanese water gardens, 16 fireplaces, 26 seat dining room table, 75 foot high domed ceiling, khoi pond, fountains, private elevator, 3 levels of piazzas, 11 chandeliers, 45 foot glass skylight, 14 foot high ceilings and 5 stories including the basement and the 90 foot cupola overlooking the Charleston Harbor. It has been featured in the movie “Notebook” staring James Garner, Rachel McAdams, Ryan Gosling, Forbes, A&E’s American Castles, HGTV Fantasy Open House, ABC’s The View, CNN, Associated Press, Bloomberg News, Architectural Digest, Wall Street Journal and Robb Reports 21 Gifts for the 21st Century. Also the TV mini-series North & South starring Elizabeth Taylor, Kirsti Alley, Patrick Swayze, Hal Holbrook, Lloyd Bridges, Gene Kelly, Robert Mitchum and Johnny Cash.

Andrew Jackson & John C. Calhoun

John C. Calhoun was Vice President under both Presidents John Quincy Adams & Andrew Jackson. Patrick Calhoun lived in New York, Atlanta, Cleveland, Charleston, and San Francisco. He owned 50,000 acres in Calhoun Falls, SC, utilities in Pittsburg & Philadelphia, oil fields in Texas, started the Trolley System in San Francisco, Rail Road systems across America, coal mine in KY. He was associated with John D. Rockefeller and J.P. Morgan.

jpmorgan chase founded 1799

George Peabody founder House of Morgan

Peabody ancestor founded House of Morgan:

calhoun mansion sign 3

Calhoun Mansion sign Charleston Sept. 8, 2009 037

Gedney Howe,III – Seller and Lawyer authorized to practice law before the U.S. Supreme Court where he last argued a case against The US Coast Guard which ended in The US Supreme Court awarding Gedney Howe, III et al US$21 Million from The US Coast Guard:




Helen Lyles Geer – Christie’s Great Estates

See article link: DMPSR.Helen Geer Calhoun Mansion Sold ArticleDMPSR.Helen Geer Calhoun Mansion Sold Article:



Helen Geer had mentioned that “Notebook” had recently been filmed at the Calhoun Mansion. What are the odds that my daughter Theresa, who had just returned from golfing in Hawaii, New Zealand & Australia, & I go out to dinner and catch a movie only to find ourselves looking at the theater screen with a table surrounded by 26 blue leather gold embossed chairs, a chandelier & fireplace ? I recognized that room for it was the dining room of the Calhoun Mansion. 



Calhoun Mansion dining room


Rachel McAdams

notebook calhoun mansion The-Notebook-Noah-in-parlor.jpg

Ryan Gosling


DMPSR.Helen Geer Calhoun Mansion Sold Article

Andrew Jackson & John C. Calhoun

John C. Calhoun was Vice President to both Presidents Andrew Jackson  & John Quincy Adams:

war of 1812 history channel.jpg


John McGee Parkman, Sturdivant Hall, Selma, Alabama 1864



Danny Parkman at age four took this photo of his dad, Daniel Parkman in front of Sturdivant Hall circa 1995 on way to brother Mark Parkman’s wedding in Indiana.

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John McGee Parkman’s dad, Elias Parkman, had moved from Boston to Selma where Elias became a merchant and John a local bank president during the Civil War. He had purchased cotton stocks with the bank deposits. The soldiers had arrested him as the cotton stocks had plunged and the bank deposits had been lost. His friends had devised an escape from jail. They got a barrel of whiskey and got the guards drunk. Parkman then escaped the jail made a run for a boat hidden at the river where he was shot and drowned. They say his “ghost” now haunts The Sturdivant Hall. Ironically, a cousin of John McGee Parkman was Colonel Robert Gould Shaw who commanded America’s First regiment of 1,000 Black Americans during the Civil War (see previous page 2 of this blog for more details). The designer of the Sturdivant Hall was Thomas Helm Lee a cousin to General Robert E. Lee. Next door is a house that President Abraham Lincoln’s wife’s sister owned. Now Sturdivant Hall is a museum that is used for social events including weddings. Selma is where the “Bloody Sunday” march started with Dr. Martin Luther, King, Jr. Mary Parkman Peabody participated in a restaurant sit in St. Augustine, FL and was jailed. Mary’s son was Gov. Chub Peabody of Mass.>



Sturdivant Hall, also known as the Watts-Parkman-Gillman Home, is a historic Greek Revival mansion and house museum in Selma, Alabama, United States. Completed in 1856, it was designed by Thomas Helm Lee for Colonel Edward T. Watts.[2] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 18, 1973, due to its architectural significance.[1] Edward Vason Jones, known for his architectural work on the interiors at the White House during the 1960s and 70s, called it one of the finest Greek Revival antebellum mansions in the Southeast.[3]

Construction of what is now known as Sturdivant Hall began in 1852, but was not completely finished until 1856.[2]Following completion, Edward Watts and his family lived in the house until 1864, when the house was sold and the family moved to Texas. The house was purchased from Watts by John McGee Parkman, a local banker, for the sum of $65,000 on February 12, 1864. Following the end of the American Civil War, Parkman was made president of the First National Bank of Selma. The bank engaged in cotton speculation and accumulated huge losses. The military governor of Alabama, Wager Swayne, had his Reconstruction authorities take possession of the bank and arrest Parkman. He was imprisoned at the county jail at Cahaba.[4] Assisted by his friends, Parkman attempted to escape from the prison on May 23, 1867, but was killed.[3][5]

The house was sold at auction for $12,500 in January 1870 to Emile Gillman, a prominent Selma merchant. The Gillman family owned the house until 1957, when it was sold to the City of Selma for $75,000. A large share of the money for buying the house came through a $50,000 bequest from the estate of Robert Daniel Sturdivant, with a provision for setting up a museum in the city. The mansion was turned into a house museum after the purchase and named in honor of Sturdivant. The property continues to be maintained into the present day by the City of Selma, Dallas County, and the Sturdivant Museum Association.[3][5]

The house is a two-story brick structure, stuccoed to give the appearance of ashlar. The front facade features a monumentally scaled hexastyle portico utilizing 30-foot (9.1 m)-tall Corinthian columns. The front portico is accessed from the second floor by a cantilevered balcony with an intricate cast-iron railing. Identical front doorways on both levels feature elaborate Greek Revival door surrounds with full Corinthian columns to each side of the door.[5]

The side elevations of the house feature a small cantilevered balcony on one side and a wide first floor porch surmounted by another balcony on the other. Both make use of elaborate cast-iron structural and decorative elements. The rear elevation is dominated by a monumental distyle in antis portico with two Doric columns. A kitchen, smokehouse and two-story servants’ quarters are set at right angles to the rear portico, forming a semi-enclosed courtyard to the rear of the house. A low pyramidal hipped roof covers the main block of the house, as well as the front and rear porticoes. It is crowned by a small cupola.[5]

First floor hall and cantilevered staircase

The interiors of Sturdivant Hall reflect the growing taste for opulence in the United States during the 1850s.[2] The first floor has elaborate plasterwork and millwork throughout, with the drawing room and ladies parlor being the most detailed. They both feature door surrounds with Corinthian columns and are ringed by paneled pilasters, topped by plaster cornices. The main entrance for the first floor enters a L-shaped front hall, with a cantilevered staircase in the side portion of the hall. Other rooms on the first floor are the dining room, gentleman’s parlor, and the warming room. The second floor houses a T-shaped hall and four bedrooms. From there, another cantilevered stair leads to an attic-level landing. From this landing a spiral stair winds around a central pole up to the cupola.[5]


The house has at least one ghost story associated with it. Sturdivant Hall is featured in a short story by Kathryn Tucker Windham, in her 13 Alabama ghosts and Jeffrey. The story, “The Return of the Ruined Banker”, involves John Parkman and the purported return of his ghost to the house after his death.[6]


Elias Parkman House, 721 Parkman Avenue Selma AL . Elias Parkman was amongst Selma’s pioneers having opened Selma’s 5th business. His house is amongst thee oldest in Selma built before 1839. See the Selma architects tour book below for photos and descriptions of the Sturdivant Museum, Parkman house and Marty Todd White (Lincoln) house pages 9 & 12:


The ghost of John McGee Parkman story @ Sturdivant Hall:

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John McGee Parkman: The legendary “ruined banker” who still resides at Sturdivant Hall (his home in Selma). Legend has it that while serving time in the federal prison at Cahawba for poor investment of bank funds, Parkman attempted a daring escape with the aid of his friends. Legend has it that Mr. Parkman was either shot to death or drowned after diving into the Alabama river. Grave marker reads: “In Memory of John M. Parkman. Born January 12, 1838. Died May 23, 1867.”

His grave memorial:

Birth: Nov., 1840
Mobile County
Alabama, USA
Death: Dec. 23, 1915
Pike County
Alabama, USA

Wife of John McGee Parkman, president of the First National Bank of Selma.Mistress of Sturdivant Hall, otherwise known as the Watts-Parkman-Gillman House, at 713 Mabry Street, Selma, Alabama. She lost the house after her husband’s tragic death in 1867.
She was a next-door neighbor of Martha Todd White, President Abraham Lincoln’s sister-in-law, whose sister Elodie Todd Dawson lived across the street; both Todd sisters carefully watched and protected by U.S. Intelligence and soldiers during the Civil War, including the bombardment and the shelling of Selma. Sturdivant Hall was thus spared and survived the War intact.At the War’s end, however, John Parkman was arrested and held in the local jail. Some stories say that he was charged with bank embezzlement and other crimes, while others say war crimes. Still others insisted that the charges were a contrived to deprive him of his property. It appears that his only crime was investing the bank’s entire capitol in cotton stocks during the war, a perfectly legal act for a patriotic bank president, but which left nothing for the Union government to seize when cotton was destroyed by the war and the stocks rendered worthless. “Friends” reportedly broke John Parkman out of jail and tried to smuggle him into a boat waiting on the Alabama River whereupon he was shot dead or shot and drowned in the river.Sarah Norris Parkman was the daughter of Calvin R. Norris (1806-1853) of Mobile and Emily Hare (Croom) Norris;
Granddaughter of Thomas Norris & Sarah Ann (Billingslea) Norris, who moved from Harford County, Maryland, to Georgia; Jesse Hare Croom and Susannah (Hardee) Croom;
Great-granddaughter of John Norris and Susannah (Bradford) Norris, Francis Billingslea and Asenath (Howell) Billingslea, Richard Croom and Ann (Hare) Croom, Joseph Hardee and Sarah (Croom) Hardee;
Great-great-granddaughter of Benjamin Norris and Sarah (Whitaker) Norris, William Bradford and Elizabeth (Lightbody Bradford) Major Croom and Susannah (Hardee) Croom, John Hardee and Susannah (Tyson) Croom, Major Croom and Olive (Avery) Croom;
Great-great-great-granddaughter of John Whitaker (c1660-1713) and Catherine Whitaker of Baltimore,
Daniel Croom and Elizabeth (Ballou) Croom, John Hardee and Susannah (Tyson) Croom; Noble W. Hardee and Mary Emily (Parker) Hardee, Mathias Tyson and Mary F. (Potts) Tyson, Daniel Croom and Elizabeth (Ballou) Croom.Sarah Parkman was a first cousin of Martha Jane Norris Isbell, wife of Thomas Livingston Isbell whose sister Mary Alice married Capt. William Park Armstrong, also President of the First National Bank of Selma.

John McGee Parkman was the son of Elias Parkman and Maria Rebecca (Hunter) Parkman.
He was a grandson of John Hunter and Catherine (Pickens) Hunter, and great-grandson of Gen. Andrew Pickens and wife Rebecca Florida (Calhoun) Pickens. He was a cousin of the South Carolina statesman John C. Calhoun:


The Calhoun Museum & Mansion, 16-18 Meeting Street, Charleston, South Carolina sold 2 weeks prior to auction for $3.75M. Gedney Howe,III, a prominent lawyer and Helen Geer, a Christie’s Great Estates affiliate commissioned our staff to auction the “Biltmore of Charleston” the largest private residence in Charleston, South Carolina USA. In addition, the contents had sold for $1 Million. The 24,000 +/- square foot Calhoun Mansion, built in 1886, was owned by the Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun’s grandson Patrick Calhoun. It has 35 rooms, grand ballroom, japanese water gardens, 16 fireplaces, 26 seat dining room table, 75 foot high domed ceiling, khoi pond, fountains, private elevator, 3 levels of piazzas, 11 chandeliers, 45 foot glass skylight, 14 foot high ceilings and 5 stories including the basement and the 90 foot cupola overlooking the Charleston Harbor. It has been featured in the movie “Notebook” staring James Garner, Rachel McAdams, Ryan Gosling, Forbes, A&E’s American Castles, HGTV Fantasy Open House, ABC’s The View, CNN, Associated Press, Bloomberg News, Architectural Digest, Wall Street Journal and Robb Reports 21 Gifts for the 21st Century. Also the TV mini-series North & South starring Elizabeth Taylor, Kirsti Alley, Patrick Swayze, Hal Holbrook, Lloyd Bridges, Gene Kelly, Robert Mitchum and Johnny Cash.


John C. Calhoun was Vice President under both Presidents John Quincy Adams & Andrew Jackson. Patrick Calhoun lived in New York, Atlanta, Cleveland, Charleston, and San Francisco. He owned 50,000 acres in Calhoun Falls, SC, utilities in Pittsburg & Philadelphia, oil fields in Texas, started the Trolley System in San Francisco, Rail Road systems across America, coal mine in KY. He was associated with John D. Rockefeller and J.P. Morgan.

Family links:
John McGee Parkman (1838 – 1867)

Emma Norris Parkman Stone (1865 – 1942)*

*Calculated relationship

Live Oak Cemetery
Dallas County
Alabama, USA
Edit Virtual Cemetery info [?]
Created by: Ray Isbell
Record added: Feb 18, 2016
Find A Grave Memorial# 158320282


This is the Edmund Pettus Bridge, Selma, AL where in 1965 Doctor Martin Luther King, Jr. and Andrew Young lead a march from Selma to Montgomery Alabama in a peaceful protest for Civil Rights to gain the right to vote for blacks.

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