Deliverance Parkman House – Salem MA

deliverance parkman house salem.jpg

deliverance parkman house salem built 1670

deliverance parkman house salem former location essex-street-salem-c-1915

L.J. Bridgman sketch of the Deliverance Parkman House, individually and in stereo (NYPL Digital Collections); one block of Essex Street in 1915, long after the Parkman House was razed, to be replaced by the brick Greek Revival Shepard block, rear right.

A Storied Salem House

Over the several years that I’ve been writing this blog, I’ve been trying to ascertain both the history and the imagery of as many seventeenth-century Salem houses as possible in a rather sporadic manner. All the famous houses (the House of the Seven Gables, the Jonathan Corwin “Witch” House, the Pickering House) are easy: well-documented in terms of both literary and photographic evidence. Other houses–both those that still stand and those that are long-lost–are more elusive, so when I run into obstacles I leave them alone for a while. I’m interested in these houses for several reasons beyond basic appreciation: as an early modern English historian walking around this New English city the seventeenth-century structures are an accessible window into the past that I study, I’ve been rereading (and reading for the first time in many cases) Hawthorne over the past few years, and I like to imagine the Salem of his time, when there were far more standing first-period buildings, and lastly, I like photographs that show architectural and urban transition, and those that show leaning wooden multi-gabled buildings adjacent to stalwart stone multi-storied structures are particularly striking.

One very elusive house that I’ve been chasing for some time is (or was) the Deliverance Parkman House,  which was built near what is now the corner of North and Essex Streets (right across from the Witch House) around 1673 and taken down by 1835, according to Cousins’ and Riley’s Colonial Architecture of Salem: long enough for Hawthorne to see it, but not quite long enough for it to be photographed, so no striking contrast picture. Nevertheless, or perhaps because of this lack of realistic imagery, the house–or any remaining perception of it–is cast in a rather romantic light: Hawthorne refers to it twice (in his “Notes” and the short story “Peter Goldthwaite’s Treasure”) in relation to the practice of alchemy and buried treasure within: what could be more alluring than that? The only image that I can find of the Parkman House was made by Salem illustrator J.L. Bridgman about 1900–and clearly based on Hawthorne’s characterization. As in the case of the House of the Seven Gables, the Deliverance Parkman house seems to have inspired Nathaniel Hawthorne to “create” a storied house.

A Storied Salem House

deliverance parkman tombstone top.jpg

deliverance parkman tombstone.jpg

Inscription:
Here lyes Buried ye Body of Mr. Deliverance PARKMAN, Mercht., d. 15 Nov 1715, Aged 64 yrs, 3 mos, 12 dys

Birth: Aug. 3, 1651
Boston
Suffolk County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Nov. 15, 1715

Family links:
Parents:
Elias Parkman (1622 – 1662)
Bridget Parkman Eveleth

Spouses:
Susannah Clarke Gedney Parkman (____ – 1728)*
Mehitabel Parkman (1658 – 1684)*
Margaret Gardner Parkman (1664 – 1689)*

Children:
Deliverance Parkman (1686 – 1688)*
Samuell Parkman (1687 – 1688)*

*Calculated relationship

Inscription:
Here lyes Buried ye Body of Mr. Deliverance PARKMAN, Mercht., d. 15 Nov 1715, Aged 64 yrs, 3 mos, 12 dys

Burial:
Burying Point Cemetery
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Created by: Dan Silva
Record added: Dec 15, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 12685226

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=%2012685226

http://www.ancestry.com/genealogy/records/deliverance-parkman_37528648

deliverance parkman wife margaret tombstone.jpg

Inscription:
Here lyes Buried ye Body of Margaret, Wife to Deliverance PARKMAN, Aged 24 yrs, d. 25 Mar 1689

B

irth:

Jul. 14, 1664
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Mar. 25, 1689
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA

Family links:
Parents:
Samuel Gardner (1629 – ____)

Spouse:
Deliverance Parkman (1651 – 1715)

Children:
Deliverance Parkman (1686 – 1688)*
Samuell Parkman (1687 – 1688)*

Sibling:
Margaret Gardner Parkman (1664 – 1689)
Abel Gardner (1673 – 1739)*

*Calculated relationship

Inscription:
Here lyes Buried ye Body of Margaret, Wife to Deliverance PARKMAN, Aged 24 yrs, d. 25 Mar 1689

Burial:
Burying Point Cemetery
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Created by: Dan Silva
Record added: Dec 15, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 12685223

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=12685223

samuell parkman son of Deliverance and Margaret Parkman.jpg

Samuell Parkman son of Deliverance and Margaret Parkman

Birth: Jun. 24, 1687
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Sep. 20, 1688

13mons, child of Deliverance & MargeretFamily links:
Parents:
Deliverance Parkman (1651 – 1715)
Margaret Gardner Parkman (1664 – 1689)

Sibling:
Deliverance Parkman (1686 – 1688)*
Samuell Parkman (1687 – 1688)

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Burying Point Cemetery
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Maintained by: The Guardian
Originally Created by: Cynthia Kaley
Record added: Nov 29, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 8138183

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8138183

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Deliverance Parkman son of Deliverance and Margaret Parkman

Birth: 1686
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Mar. 19, 1688

3yrs, child of Deliverance & MargeretFamily links:
Parents:
Deliverance Parkman (1651 – 1715)
Margaret Gardner Parkman (1664 – 1689)

Sibling:
Deliverance Parkman (1686 – 1688)
Samuell Parkman (1687 – 1688)*

*Calculated relationship

Burial:
Burying Point Cemetery
Salem
Essex County
Massachusetts, USA
Maintained by: The Guardian
Originally Created by: Cynthia Kaley
Record added: Nov 29, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 8138177

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=8138177

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